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#### EAM_Dynamo_Bonny_Pasianot_FeCuNi__MO_469343973171_004

Interatomic potential for Copper (Cu), Iron (Fe), Nickel (Ni).

Title A single sentence description. FeCuNi potential to model reactor pressure vessel steels Ternary FeCuNi EAM-type potential. The fitting was focussed on solute-point defect interaction in the bcc Fe matrix. With respect to thermodynamics the following was accounted for: experimentally observed intermetallic compounds in the FeNi alloys, the Cu solubility in the FeCu binary and the CuNi miscibility gap. The potential is designed to model radiation damage in the FeCuNi model alloy which represents reactor pressure vessel steels. FeNi cross potential is taken from [Bonny et. al., Modelling Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng. 17 (2009) 025010]. FeCu cross potential is taken from [Pasianot and Malerba, J. Nucl. Mater. 360 (2007) 118]. Fe potential is taken from [Mendelev et al., Philos. Mag. 83 (2003) 3977]. Ni potential is taken from [Voter and Chen, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 82 (1987) 175]. Cu potential is taken from [Mishin et al., Phys. Rev. B 63 (2001) 224106]. Cu, Fe, Ni The potential is stiffened. http://www.ctcms.nist.gov/potentials/Fe.html gbonny gbonny Giovanni Bonny 2018 Click here to download this citation in BibTeX format. Not available MO_469343973171_004 EAM_Dynamo_Bonny_Pasianot_FeCuNi__MO_469343973171_004 https://openkim.org/cite/MO_469343973171_004 Portable Model using Model Driver EAM_Dynamo__MD_120291908751_004 EAM_Dynamo__MD_120291908751_004 1.6 EAM_Dynamo_Bonny_Pasianot_FeCuNi__MO_469343973171_003

### Verification Check Dashboard

(Click here to learn more about Verification Checks)

Grade Name Category Brief Description Full Results Aux File(s)
P vc-species-supported-as-stated mandatory
The model supports all species it claims to support; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-periodicity-support mandatory
Periodic boundary conditions are handled correctly; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-permutation-symmetry mandatory
Total energy and forces are unchanged when swapping atoms of the same species; see full description.
Results Files
F vc-forces-numerical-derivative consistency
Forces computed by the model agree with numerical derivatives of the energy; see full description.
Results Files
F vc-dimer-continuity-c1 informational
The energy versus separation relation of a pair of atoms is C1 continuous (i.e. the function and its first derivative are continuous); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-objectivity informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces transform correctly under rigid-body translation and rotation; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-inversion-symmetry informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces change sign when inverting a configuration through the origin; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-memory-leak informational
The model code does not have memory leaks (i.e. it releases all allocated memory at the end); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-thread-safe mandatory
The model returns the same energy and forces when computed in serial and when using parallel threads for a set of configurations. Note that this is not a guarantee of thread safety; see full description.
Results Files

### Visualizers (in-page)

#### BCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic body-centered cubic (bcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

#### Cohesive Energy Graph

This graph shows the cohesive energy versus volume-per-atom for the current mode for four mono-atomic cubic phases (body-centered cubic (bcc), face-centered cubic (fcc), simple cubic (sc), and diamond). The curve with the lowest minimum is the ground state of the crystal if stable. (The crystal structure is enforced in these calculations, so the phase may not be stable.) Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

#### Diamond Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered diamond lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

#### FCC Elastic Constants

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) elastic constants predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

#### FCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in red) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

#### FCC Stacking Fault Energies

This bar chart plot shows the intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies as well as the unstable stacking and unstable twinning energies for face-centered cubic (fcc) predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

#### FCC Surface Energies

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) relaxed surface energies predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

#### SC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic simple cubic (sc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

Species: Cu

Species: Fe

Species: Ni

### Tests

##### Disclaimer From Model Developer

The potential is stiffened.

Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for monoatomic cubic lattice

Creators: Daniel Karls
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the cohesive energy of a given monoatomic cubic
lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, or diamond) at a variety of lattice spacings. The lattice spacings
range from a_min (=a_min_frac*a_0) to a_max (=a_max_frac*a_0) where a_0, a_min_frac, and
a_max_frac are read from stdin (a_0 is typically approximately equal to the equilibrium lattice
constant). The precise scaling and number of lattice spacings sampled between a_min and a_0
(a_0 and a_max) is specified by two additional parameters passed from stdin: N_lower and
samplespacing_lower (N_upper and samplespacing_upper). Please see README.txt for further details.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc Copper view 3158
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc Iron view 3481
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc Nickel view 3338
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for diamond Copper view 3266
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for diamond Iron view 3302
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for diamond Nickel view 3589
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc Copper view 3122
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc Iron view 3338
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc Nickel view 3086
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for sc Copper view 3517
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for sc Iron view 3230
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for sc Nickel view 3302

Elastic constants for cubic crystals at zero temperature

Creators: Junhao Li
Contributor: jl2922
Publication Year: 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/

Measures the cubic elastic constants for some common crystal types (fcc, bcc, sc) by calculating the hessian of the energy density with respect to strain. Error estimate is reported due to the numerical differentiation.

This version fixes the number of repeats in the species key.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Elastic constants for bcc Cu at zero temperature view 1328
Elastic constants for bcc Fe at zero temperature view 1364
Elastic constants for bcc Ni at zero temperature view 1507
Elastic constants for fcc Cu at zero temperature view 1723
Elastic constants for fcc Fe at zero temperature view 1579
Elastic constants for fcc Ni at zero temperature view 1400
Elastic constants for sc Cu at zero temperature view 1292
Elastic constants for sc Fe at zero temperature view 1687
Elastic constants for sc Ni at zero temperature view 1723

Elastic constants for hexagonal crystals at zero temperature

Creators: Junhao Li
Contributor: jl2922
Publication Year: 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/

Measures the hexagonal elastic constants for hcp structure by calculating the hessian of the energy density with respect to strain. Error estimate is reported due to the numerical differentiation.

This version fixes the number of repeats in the species key and the coordinate of the 2nd atom in the normed basis.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Elastic constants for hcp Cu at zero temperature view 1723
Elastic constants for hcp Fe at zero temperature view 1687
Elastic constants for hcp Ni at zero temperature view 1507

Equilibrium lattice constants for bulk cubic structures

Creators: Junhao Li
Contributor: jl2922
Publication Year: 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/

Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc Cu view 718
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc Fe view 718
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc Ni view 861
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond Cu view 933
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond Fe view 754
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond Ni view 754
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc Cu view 1005
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc Fe view 790
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc Ni view 790
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc Cu view 718
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc Fe view 790
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc Ni view 754

Equilibrium lattice constants for hexagonal bulk structures

Creators: Junhao Li
Contributor: jl2922
Publication Year: 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/

Calculates lattice constant by minimizing energy function.

This version fixes the output format problems in species and stress, and adds support for PURE and OPBC neighbor lists. The cell used for calculation is switched from a hexagonal one to an orthorhombic one to comply with the requirement of OPBC.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium lattice constants for hcp Cu view 6962
Equilibrium lattice constants for hcp Fe view 6998
Equilibrium lattice constants for hcp Ni view 6998

Cohesive energy versus shear parameter relation for a cubic crystal

Creators: Jiadi Fan
Contributor: Jiadi
Publication Year: 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/

This test driver is used to test lattice invariance shear in a cubic crystal based on cb-kim code. Initial guess of lattice parameter, shear direction vector, shear plane normal vector, relaxation optional key need to be set as input. The output will be first PK stress, stiffness matrix, cohesive energy, and displacement of shuffle (if relaxation optional key is true)
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Cohesive energy versus <-1 1 0>{1 1 1} shear parameter relation for bcc Cu view 3015
Cohesive energy versus <-1 1 0>{1 1 1} shear parameter relation for fcc Cu view 2117

Linear thermal expansion coefficient of a cubic crystal structure at a given temperature and pressure v000

Creators: Mingjian Wen
Contributor: Mwen
Publication Year: 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the linear thermal expansion coefficient at a finite temperature under a given pressure for cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) of a single given species.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Linear thermal expansion coefficient of bcc Fe at room temperature under zero pressure view 9353750
Linear thermal expansion coefficient of fcc Cu at room temperature under zero pressure view 5640566
Linear thermal expansion coefficient of fcc Ni at room temperature under zero pressure view 3942407

Phonon dispersion relations for fcc lattices

Creators: Matt Bierbaum
Contributor: mattbierbaum
Publication Year: 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/

Calculates the phonon dispersion relations for fcc lattices and records the results as curves.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Phonon dispersion relations for fcc Cu view 99592
Phonon dispersion relations for fcc Ni view 110933

Stacking and twinning fault energies for FCC crystals

Creators: Subrahmanyam Pattamatta
Contributor: SubrahmanyamPattamatta
Publication Year: 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/

Intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies, unstable stacking fault energy, unstable twinning energy, stacking fault energy as a function of fractional displacement, and gamma surface for a monoatomic FCC lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Stacking and twinning fault energies for fcc Cu view 5426345
Stacking and twinning fault energies for fcc Ni view 6080673

Broken-bond fit of high-symmetry surface energies in cubic crystal lattices

Creators: Matt Bierbaum
Contributor: mattbierbaum
Publication Year: 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/

Calculates the surface energy of several high symmetry surfaces and produces a broken bond model fit. In latex form, the fit equations are given by:

E_{FCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (2 ( |x+ 2y + z| + |x+2y-z| + |x-2y + z| + |x-2y-z| + |2x+y+z| + |2x+y-z| +|2x-y+z| +|2x-y-z| +|x+y+2z| +|x+y-2z| +|x-y+2z| +|x-y-2z| ) + c

E_{BCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (6 \left( | x+y+z| + |x+y-z| + |-x+y-z| + |x-y+z| \right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) +c.

In Python, these two fits take the form:
def BrokenBondFCC(params, index):

import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*(abs(x+2*y+z) + abs(x+2*y-z) +abs(x-2*y+z) +abs(x-2*y-z) + abs(2*x+y+z) +abs(2*x+y-z) +abs(2*x-y+z) +abs(2*x-y-z) + abs(x+y+2*z) +abs(x+y-2*z) +abs(x-y+2*z) +abs(x-y-2*z))+params[3]

def BrokenBondBCC(params, x, y, z):

import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*6*(abs(x+y+z) + abs(x-y-z) + abs(x-y+z) + abs(x+y-z)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[3]
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Broken-bond fit of high-symmetry surface energies in bcc Fe view 24907
Broken-bond fit of high-symmetry surface energies in fcc Cu view 57028
Broken-bond fit of high-symmetry surface energies in fcc Ni view 60724

Monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals

Creators: Junhao Li
Contributor: jl2922
Publication Year: 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/

Computes the monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for bcc Fe view 290701
Monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for fcc Cu view 258975
Monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for fcc Ni view 326410

Vacancy formation and migration energies for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals

Creators: Junhao Li
Contributor: jl2922
Publication Year: 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/

Computes the monovacancy formation and migration energies for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Vacancy formation and migration energy for bcc Fe view 417856
Vacancy formation and migration energy for fcc Cu view 220789
Vacancy formation and migration energy for fcc Ni view 223230

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### Wiki

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 2018-05-18T16:51:59.624173 karls