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EAM_Dynamo_MendelevHanSrolovitz_2003Potential2_Fe__MO_769582363439_005

Title
A single sentence description.
EAM potential (LAMMPS cubic hermite tabulation) for Fe developed by Mendelev et al. (2003); Potential #2 v005
Description
A short description of the Model describing its key features including for example: type of model (pair potential, 3-body potential, EAM, etc.), modeled species (Ac, Ag, ..., Zr), intended purpose, origin, and so on.
Two procedures were developed to fit interatomic potentials of the embedded-atom method (EAM) form and applied to determine a potential which describes crystalline and liquid iron. While both procedures use perfect crystal and crystal defect data, the first procedure also employs the first-principles forces in a model liquid and the second procedure uses experimental liquid structure factor data. These additional types of information were incorporated to ensure more reasonable descriptions of atomic interactions at small separations than is provided using standard approaches, such as fitting to the universal binding energy relation. The new potentials (provided herein) are, on average, in better agreement with the experimental or first-principles lattice parameter, elastic constants, point-defect energies, bcc–fcc transformation energy, liquid density, liquid structure factor, melting temperature and other properties than other existing EAM iron potentials.

This is potential #2 from [M.I. Mendelev, S. Han, D.J. Srolovitz, G.J. Ackland, D.Y. Sun and M. Asta, Phil. Mag. 83, 3977-3994 (2003)], which is the most popular one.
Species
The supported atomic species.
Fe
Content Origin http://www.ctcms.nist.gov/potentials/Fe.html
Contributor mendelev
Maintainer mendelev
Author Mikhail I. Mendelev
Publication Year 2018
Source Citations
A citation to primary published work(s) that describe this KIM Item.

Mendelev MI, et al. (2003) Development of new interatomic potentials appropriate for crystalline and liquid iron. Philosophical Magazine 83(35):3977–3994. doi:10.1080/14786430310001613264

Item Citation Click here to download a citation in BibTeX format.
Short KIM ID
The unique KIM identifier code.
MO_769582363439_005
Extended KIM ID
The long form of the KIM ID including a human readable prefix (100 characters max), two underscores, and the Short KIM ID. Extended KIM IDs can only contain alpha-numeric characters (letters and digits) and underscores and must begin with a letter.
EAM_Dynamo_MendelevHanSrolovitz_2003Potential2_Fe__MO_769582363439_005
DOI 10.25950/f3e7b22d
https://doi.org/10.25950/f3e7b22d
https://search.datacite.org/works/10.25950/f3e7b22d
KIM Item Type
Specifies whether this is a Stand-alone Model (software implementation of an interatomic model); Parameterized Model (parameter file to be read in by a Model Driver); Model Driver (software implementation of an interatomic model that reads in parameters).
Parameterized Model using Model Driver EAM_Dynamo__MD_120291908751_005
DriverEAM_Dynamo__MD_120291908751_005
KIM API Version2.0
Programming Language(s)
The programming languages used in the code and the percentage of the code written in each one. "N/A" means "not applicable" and refers to model parameterizations which only include parameter tables and have no programming language.
N/A
Previous Version EAM_Dynamo_MendelevHanSrolovitz_2003Potential2_Fe__MO_769582363439_004

Verification Check Dashboard

(Click here to learn more about Verification Checks)

Grade Name Category Brief Description Full Results Aux File(s)
P vc-species-supported-as-stated mandatory
The model supports all species it claims to support; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-periodicity-support mandatory
Periodic boundary conditions are handled correctly; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-permutation-symmetry mandatory
Total energy and forces are unchanged when swapping atoms of the same species; see full description.
Results Files
B vc-forces-numerical-derivative consistency
Forces computed by the model agree with numerical derivatives of the energy; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-dimer-continuity-c1 informational
The energy versus separation relation of a pair of atoms is C1 continuous (i.e. the function and its first derivative are continuous); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-objectivity informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces transform correctly under rigid-body translation and rotation; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-inversion-symmetry informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces change sign when inverting a configuration through the origin; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-memory-leak informational
The model code does not have memory leaks (i.e. it releases all allocated memory at the end); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-thread-safe mandatory
The model returns the same energy and forces when computed in serial and when using parallel threads for a set of configurations. Note that this is not a guarantee of thread safety; see full description.
Results Files

Visualizers (in-page)


BCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic body-centered cubic (bcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Fe

Click on any thumbnail to get a full size image.



Cohesive Energy Graph

This graph shows the cohesive energy versus volume-per-atom for the current mode for four mono-atomic cubic phases (body-centered cubic (bcc), face-centered cubic (fcc), simple cubic (sc), and diamond). The curve with the lowest minimum is the ground state of the crystal if stable. (The crystal structure is enforced in these calculations, so the phase may not be stable.) Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Fe

Click on any thumbnail to get a full size image.



Diamond Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered diamond lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Fe

Click on any thumbnail to get a full size image.



FCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in red) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Fe

Click on any thumbnail to get a full size image.



SC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic simple cubic (sc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Fe

Click on any thumbnail to get a full size image.



Cubic Crystal Basic Properties Table

Species: Fe



Tests

CohesiveEnergyVsLatticeConstant__TD_554653289799_002
This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the cohesive energy of a given monoatomic cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, or diamond) at a variety of lattice spacings. The lattice spacings range from a_min (=a_min_frac*a_0) to a_max (=a_max_frac*a_0) where a_0, a_min_frac, and a_max_frac are read from stdin (a_0 is typically approximately equal to the equilibrium lattice constant). The precise scaling and number of lattice spacings sampled between a_min and a_0 (a_0 and a_max) is specified by two additional parameters passed from stdin: N_lower and samplespacing_lower (N_upper and samplespacing_upper). Please see README.txt for further details.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
CohesiveEnergyVsLatticeConstant_bcc_Fe__TE_509164219708_002 view 2278
CohesiveEnergyVsLatticeConstant_diamond_Fe__TE_747158614799_002 view 2896
CohesiveEnergyVsLatticeConstant_fcc_Fe__TE_431563044903_002 view 2599
CohesiveEnergyVsLatticeConstant_sc_Fe__TE_418244980127_002 view 3016
ElasticConstantsCubic__TD_011862047401_004
Computes the cubic elastic constants for some common crystal types (fcc, bcc, sc) by calculating the hessian of the energy density with respect to strain. An estimate of the error associated with the numerical differentiation performed is reported.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
ElasticConstantsCubic_bcc_Fe__TE_740506315238_004 view 1893
ElasticConstantsCubic_fcc_Fe__TE_943136713920_004 view 1829
ElasticConstantsCubic_sc_Fe__TE_828391579283_004 view 1829
ElasticConstantsHexagonal__TD_612503193866_003
Computes the elastic constants for hcp crystals by calculating the hessian of the energy density with respect to strain. An estimate of the error associated with the numerical differentiation performed is reported.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
ElasticConstantsHexagonal_hcp_Fe__TE_092069407629_003 view 3335
LatticeConstantCubicEnergy__TD_475411767977_006
Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
LatticeConstantCubicEnergy_bcc_Fe__TE_727622321684_006 view 995
LatticeConstantCubicEnergy_diamond_Fe__TE_099190649546_006 view 898
LatticeConstantCubicEnergy_fcc_Fe__TE_342002765394_006 view 1283
LatticeConstantCubicEnergy_sc_Fe__TE_839734634070_006 view 1059
LatticeConstantHexagonalEnergy__TD_942334626465_004
Calculates lattice constant of hexagonal bulk structures at zero temperature and pressure by using simplex minimization to minimize the potential energy.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
LatticeConstantHexagonalEnergy_hcp_Fe__TE_035924073553_004 view 13158
SurfaceEnergyCubicCrystalBrokenBondFit__TD_955413365818_003
Calculates the surface energy of several high symmetry surfaces and produces a broken-bond model fit. In latex form, the fit equations are given by:

E_{FCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (2 ( |x+ 2y + z| + |x+2y-z| + |x-2y + z| + |x-2y-z| + |2x+y+z| + |2x+y-z| +|2x-y+z| +|2x-y-z| +|x+y+2z| +|x+y-2z| +|x-y+2z| +|x-y-2z| ) + c

E_{BCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (6 \left( | x+y+z| + |x+y-z| + |-x+y-z| + |x-y+z| \right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) +c.

In Python, these two fits take the following form:

def BrokenBondFCC(params, index):

import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*(abs(x+2*y+z) + abs(x+2*y-z) +abs(x-2*y+z) +abs(x-2*y-z) + abs(2*x+y+z) +abs(2*x+y-z) +abs(2*x-y+z) +abs(2*x-y-z) + abs(x+y+2*z) +abs(x+y-2*z) +abs(x-y+2*z) +abs(x-y-2*z))+params[3]

def BrokenBondBCC(params, x, y, z):


import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*6*(abs(x+y+z) + abs(x-y-z) + abs(x-y+z) + abs(x+y-z)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[3]
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
SurfaceEnergyCubicCrystalBrokenBondFit_bcc_Fe__TE_493894422725_003 view 14053


Errors

  • No Errors associated with this Model




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