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EAM_Dynamo_OBrienBarrPrice_2018_PtAu__MO_946831081299_000

Title
A single sentence description.
EAM potential (LAMMPS cubic hermite tabulation) for the Pt-Au system developed by O'Brien et al. (2018) v000
Description
A short description of the Model describing its key features including for example: type of model (pair potential, 3-body potential, EAM, etc.), modeled species (Ac, Ag, ..., Zr), intended purpose, origin, and so on.
EAM potential for the Pt-Au system developed by O'Brien et al. (2018). There has recently been a great deal of interest in employing immiscible solutes to stabilize nanocrystalline microstructures. Existing modeling efforts largely rely on mesoscale Monte Carlo approaches that employ a simplified model of the microstructure and result in highly homogeneous segregation to grain boundaries. However, there is ample evidence from experimental and modeling studies that demonstrates segregation to grain boundaries is highly non-uniform and sensitive to boundary character. This work employs a realistic nanocrystalline microstructure with experimentally relevant global solute concentrations to illustrate inhomogeneous boundary segregation. Experiments quantifying segregation in thin films are reported that corroborate the prediction that grain boundary segregation is highly inhomogeneous. In addition to grain boundary structure modifying the degree of segregation, the existence of a phase transformation between low and high solute content grain boundaries is predicted. In order to conduct this study, new embedded atom method interatomic potentials are developed for Pt, Au, and the PtAu binary alloy.
Species
The supported atomic species.
Au, Pt
Content Origin NIST IPRP (https://www.ctcms.nist.gov/potentials/Pt.html#Au-Pt)
Contributor tadmor
Maintainer tadmor
Author Ellad Tadmor
Publication Year 2018
Source Citations
A citation to primary published work(s) that describe this KIM Item.

O’Brien CJ, Barr CM, Price PM, Hattar K, Foiles SM (2018) Grain boundary phase transformations in PtAu and relevance to thermal stabilization of bulk nanocrystalline metals. Journal of Materials Science 53(4):2911–2927. doi:10.1007/s10853-017-1706-1

Item Citation Click here to download a citation in BibTeX format.
Short KIM ID
The unique KIM identifier code.
MO_946831081299_000
Extended KIM ID
The long form of the KIM ID including a human readable prefix (100 characters max), two underscores, and the Short KIM ID. Extended KIM IDs can only contain alpha-numeric characters (letters and digits) and underscores and must begin with a letter.
EAM_Dynamo_OBrienBarrPrice_2018_PtAu__MO_946831081299_000
DOI 10.25950/a57b36d8
https://doi.org/10.25950/a57b36d8
https://search.datacite.org/works/10.25950/a57b36d8
KIM Item Type
Specifies whether this is a Stand-alone Model (software implementation of an interatomic model); Parameterized Model (parameter file to be read in by a Model Driver); Model Driver (software implementation of an interatomic model that reads in parameters).
Parameterized Model using Model Driver EAM_Dynamo__MD_120291908751_005
DriverEAM_Dynamo__MD_120291908751_005
KIM API Version2.0

Verification Check Dashboard

(Click here to learn more about Verification Checks)

Grade Name Category Brief Description Full Results Aux File(s)
P vc-species-supported-as-stated mandatory
The model supports all species it claims to support; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-periodicity-support mandatory
Periodic boundary conditions are handled correctly; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-permutation-symmetry mandatory
Total energy and forces are unchanged when swapping atoms of the same species; see full description.
Results Files
B vc-forces-numerical-derivative consistency
Forces computed by the model agree with numerical derivatives of the energy; see full description.
Results Files
F vc-dimer-continuity-c1 informational
The energy versus separation relation of a pair of atoms is C1 continuous (i.e. the function and its first derivative are continuous); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-objectivity informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces transform correctly under rigid-body translation and rotation; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-inversion-symmetry informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces change sign when inverting a configuration through the origin; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-memory-leak informational
The model code does not have memory leaks (i.e. it releases all allocated memory at the end); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-thread-safe mandatory
The model returns the same energy and forces when computed in serial and when using parallel threads for a set of configurations. Note that this is not a guarantee of thread safety; see full description.
Results Files

Visualizers (in-page)


BCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic body-centered cubic (bcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Au
Species: Pt

Click on any thumbnail to get a full size image.



Cohesive Energy Graph

This graph shows the cohesive energy versus volume-per-atom for the current mode for four mono-atomic cubic phases (body-centered cubic (bcc), face-centered cubic (fcc), simple cubic (sc), and diamond). The curve with the lowest minimum is the ground state of the crystal if stable. (The crystal structure is enforced in these calculations, so the phase may not be stable.) Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Au
Species: Pt

Click on any thumbnail to get a full size image.



Diamond Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered diamond lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Au
Species: Pt

Click on any thumbnail to get a full size image.



FCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in red) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Au
Species: Pt

Click on any thumbnail to get a full size image.



SC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic simple cubic (sc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Au
Species: Pt

Click on any thumbnail to get a full size image.



Cubic Crystal Basic Properties Table

Species: Au

Species: Pt



Tests

CohesiveEnergyVsLatticeConstant__TD_554653289799_002
This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the cohesive energy of a given monoatomic cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, or diamond) at a variety of lattice spacings. The lattice spacings range from a_min (=a_min_frac*a_0) to a_max (=a_max_frac*a_0) where a_0, a_min_frac, and a_max_frac are read from stdin (a_0 is typically approximately equal to the equilibrium lattice constant). The precise scaling and number of lattice spacings sampled between a_min and a_0 (a_0 and a_max) is specified by two additional parameters passed from stdin: N_lower and samplespacing_lower (N_upper and samplespacing_upper). Please see README.txt for further details.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
CohesiveEnergyVsLatticeConstant_bcc_Au__TE_048019432807_002 view 2150
CohesiveEnergyVsLatticeConstant_bcc_Pt__TE_852024024775_002 view 3225
CohesiveEnergyVsLatticeConstant_diamond_Au__TE_464393613038_002 view 2639
CohesiveEnergyVsLatticeConstant_diamond_Pt__TE_607297691797_002 view 2567
CohesiveEnergyVsLatticeConstant_fcc_Au__TE_639842329907_002 view 2856
CohesiveEnergyVsLatticeConstant_fcc_Pt__TE_164136256057_002 view 3209
CohesiveEnergyVsLatticeConstant_sc_Au__TE_217023185784_002 view 3144
CohesiveEnergyVsLatticeConstant_sc_Pt__TE_157772593014_002 view 2246
ElasticConstantsCubic__TD_011862047401_004
Computes the cubic elastic constants for some common crystal types (fcc, bcc, sc) by calculating the hessian of the energy density with respect to strain. An estimate of the error associated with the numerical differentiation performed is reported.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
ElasticConstantsCubic_bcc_Au__TE_331337049300_004 view 1348
ElasticConstantsCubic_bcc_Pt__TE_044796406471_004 view 2786
ElasticConstantsCubic_fcc_Au__TE_955259038482_004 view 1829
ElasticConstantsCubic_fcc_Pt__TE_304169980530_004 view 1668
ElasticConstantsCubic_sc_Au__TE_292034176243_004 view 1540
ElasticConstantsCubic_sc_Pt__TE_076340850633_004 view 1348
LatticeConstantCubicEnergy__TD_475411767977_006
Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
LatticeConstantCubicEnergy_bcc_Au__TE_725597583582_006 view 1123
LatticeConstantCubicEnergy_bcc_Pt__TE_456905666653_006 view 706
LatticeConstantCubicEnergy_diamond_Au__TE_871491775328_006 view 1187
LatticeConstantCubicEnergy_diamond_Pt__TE_136530762051_006 view 1348
LatticeConstantCubicEnergy_fcc_Au__TE_622115706816_006 view 1412
LatticeConstantCubicEnergy_fcc_Pt__TE_202249747456_006 view 866
LatticeConstantCubicEnergy_sc_Au__TE_267331964638_006 view 995
LatticeConstantCubicEnergy_sc_Pt__TE_671050090410_006 view 866
PhononDispersionCurve__TD_530195868545_003
Calculates the phonon dispersion relations for fcc lattices and records the results as curves.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
PhononDispersionCurve_fcc_Au__TE_171727129373_003 view 91346
PhononDispersionCurve_fcc_Pt__TE_751500878459_003 view 90865
StackingFaultFccCrystal__TD_228501831190_001
Intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies, unstable stacking fault energy, unstable twinning energy, stacking fault energy as a function of fractional displacement, and gamma surface for a monoatomic FCC lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
StackingFaultFccCrystal_Au_0bar__TE_843792000528_001 view 5290977
StackingFaultFccCrystal_Pt_0bar__TE_861999681815_001 view 4988640
SurfaceEnergyCubicCrystalBrokenBondFit__TD_955413365818_003
Calculates the surface energy of several high symmetry surfaces and produces a broken-bond model fit. In latex form, the fit equations are given by:

E_{FCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (2 ( |x+ 2y + z| + |x+2y-z| + |x-2y + z| + |x-2y-z| + |2x+y+z| + |2x+y-z| +|2x-y+z| +|2x-y-z| +|x+y+2z| +|x+y-2z| +|x-y+2z| +|x-y-2z| ) + c

E_{BCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (6 \left( | x+y+z| + |x+y-z| + |-x+y-z| + |x-y+z| \right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) +c.

In Python, these two fits take the following form:

def BrokenBondFCC(params, index):

import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*(abs(x+2*y+z) + abs(x+2*y-z) +abs(x-2*y+z) +abs(x-2*y-z) + abs(2*x+y+z) +abs(2*x+y-z) +abs(2*x-y+z) +abs(2*x-y-z) + abs(x+y+2*z) +abs(x+y-2*z) +abs(x-y+2*z) +abs(x-y-2*z))+params[3]

def BrokenBondBCC(params, x, y, z):


import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*6*(abs(x+y+z) + abs(x-y-z) + abs(x-y+z) + abs(x+y-z)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[3]
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
SurfaceEnergyCubicCrystalBrokenBondFit_fcc_Au__TE_440844375214_003 view 30224
SurfaceEnergyCubicCrystalBrokenBondFit_fcc_Pt__TE_658176966451_003 view 24513





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