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EDIP_LAMMPS_JustoBazantKaxiras_1998_Si__MO_315965276297_000

Interatomic potential for Silicon (Si).
Use this Potential

Title
A single sentence description.
EDIP model for Si developed by Justo et al. (1998) v000
Citations

This panel presents information regarding the papers that have cited the interatomic potential (IP) whose page you are on.

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The word cloud to the right is generated from the abstracts of IP principle source(s) (given below in "How to Cite") and the citing articles that were determined to have used the IP in order to provide users with a quick sense of the types of physical phenomena to which this IP is applied.

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This panel provides information on past usage of this interatomic potential (IP) powered by the OpenKIM Deep Citation framework. The word cloud indicates typical applications of the potential. The bar chart shows citations per year of this IP (bars are divided into articles that used the IP (green) and those that did not (blue)). The complete list of articles that cited this IP is provided below along with the Deep Citation determination on usage. See the Deep Citation documentation for more information.

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Description
A short description of the Model describing its key features including for example: type of model (pair potential, 3-body potential, EAM, etc.), modeled species (Ac, Ag, ..., Zr), intended purpose, origin, and so on.
We develop an empirical potential for silicon which represents a considerable improvement over existing models in describing local bonding for bulk defects and disordered phases. The model consists of two- and three-body interactions with theoretically motivated functional forms that capture chemical and physical trends as explained in a companion paper. The numerical parameters in the functional form are obtained by fitting to a set of ab initio results from quantum-mechanical calculations based on density-functional theory in the local density approximation, which includes various bulk phases and defect structures. We test the potential by applying it to the relaxation of point defects, core properties of partial dislocations, and the structure of disordered phases, none of which are included in the fitting procedure. For dislocations, our model makes predictions in excellent agreement with ab initio and tight-binding calculations. It is the only potential known to describe both the 30°- and 90°-partial dislocations in the glide set {111}. The structural and thermodynamic properties of the liquid and amorphous phases are also in good agreement with experimental and ab initio results. Our potential is capable of simulating a quench directly from the liquid to the amorphous phase, and the resulting amorphous structure is more realistic than with existing empirical preparation methods. These advances in transferability come with no extra computational cost, since force evaluation with our model is faster than with the popular potential of Stillinger-Weber, thus allowing reliable atomistic simulations of very large atomic systems.
Species
The supported atomic species.
Si
Disclaimer
A statement of applicability provided by the contributor, informing users of the intended use of this KIM Item.
None
Content Origin NIST IPRP (https://www.ctcms.nist.gov/potentials/Si.html)
Content Other Locations This model is also implemented in KIM model MO_958932894036_002 (https://doi.org/10.25950/545ca247)
Contributor Yaser Afshar
Maintainer Yaser Afshar
Developer Joao F. Justo
Martin Z. Bazant
Efthimios Kaxiras
Vasily V Bulatov
Sidney Yip
Published on KIM 2021
How to Cite

This Model originally published in [1] is archived in OpenKIM [2-5].

[1] Justo JF, Bazant MZ, Kaxiras E, Bulatov VV, Yip S. Interatomic potential for silicon defects and disordered phases. Phys Rev B. 1998Aug;58:2539–50. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.58.2539 — (Primary Source) A primary source is a reference directly related to the item documenting its development, as opposed to other sources that are provided as background information.

[2] Justo JF, Bazant MZ, Kaxiras E, Bulatov VV, Yip S. EDIP model for Si developed by Justo et al. (1998) v000. OpenKIM; 2021. doi:10.25950/df324a7d

[3] Afshar Y, Ferraro L, Jiang C, McSweeney SJ, Justo JF, Bazant MZ, et al. The environment-dependent interatomic potential (EDIP) potential v000. OpenKIM; 2021. doi:10.25950/a6a67b9f

[4] Tadmor EB, Elliott RS, Sethna JP, Miller RE, Becker CA. The potential of atomistic simulations and the Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models. JOM. 2011;63(7):17. doi:10.1007/s11837-011-0102-6

[5] Elliott RS, Tadmor EB. Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models (KIM) Application Programming Interface (API). OpenKIM; 2011. doi:10.25950/ff8f563a

Click here to download the above citation in BibTeX format.
Funding Not available
Short KIM ID
The unique KIM identifier code.
MO_315965276297_000
Extended KIM ID
The long form of the KIM ID including a human readable prefix (100 characters max), two underscores, and the Short KIM ID. Extended KIM IDs can only contain alpha-numeric characters (letters and digits) and underscores and must begin with a letter.
EDIP_LAMMPS_JustoBazantKaxiras_1998_Si__MO_315965276297_000
DOI 10.25950/df324a7d
https://doi.org/10.25950/df324a7d
https://commons.datacite.org/doi.org/10.25950/df324a7d
KIM Item Type
Specifies whether this is a Portable Model (software implementation of an interatomic model); Portable Model with parameter file (parameter file to be read in by a Model Driver); Model Driver (software implementation of an interatomic model that reads in parameters).
Portable Model using Model Driver EDIP_LAMMPS__MD_783584031339_000
DriverEDIP_LAMMPS__MD_783584031339_000
KIM API Version2.2
Potential Type edip

(Click here to learn more about Verification Checks)

Grade Name Category Brief Description Full Results Aux File(s)
P vc-species-supported-as-stated mandatory
The model supports all species it claims to support; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-periodicity-support mandatory
Periodic boundary conditions are handled correctly; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-permutation-symmetry mandatory
Total energy and forces are unchanged when swapping atoms of the same species; see full description.
Results Files
C vc-forces-numerical-derivative consistency
Forces computed by the model agree with numerical derivatives of the energy; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-dimer-continuity-c1 informational
The energy versus separation relation of a pair of atoms is C1 continuous (i.e. the function and its first derivative are continuous); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-objectivity informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces transform correctly under rigid-body translation and rotation; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-inversion-symmetry informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces change sign when inverting a configuration through the origin; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-memory-leak informational
The model code does not have memory leaks (i.e. it releases all allocated memory at the end); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-thread-safe mandatory
The model returns the same energy and forces when computed in serial and when using parallel threads for a set of configurations. Note that this is not a guarantee of thread safety; see full description.
Results Files
F vc-unit-conversion mandatory
The model is able to correctly convert its energy and/or forces to different unit sets; see full description.
Results Files


BCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic body-centered cubic (bcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Si


Cohesive Energy Graph

This graph shows the cohesive energy versus volume-per-atom for the current mode for four mono-atomic cubic phases (body-centered cubic (bcc), face-centered cubic (fcc), simple cubic (sc), and diamond). The curve with the lowest minimum is the ground state of the crystal if stable. (The crystal structure is enforced in these calculations, so the phase may not be stable.) Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Si


Diamond Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered diamond lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

Dislocation Core Energies

This graph shows the dislocation core energy of a cubic crystal at zero temperature and pressure for a specific set of dislocation core cutoff radii. After obtaining the total energy of the system from conjugate gradient minimizations, non-singular, isotropic and anisotropic elasticity are applied to obtain the dislocation core energy for each of these supercells with different dipole distances. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

FCC Elastic Constants

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) elastic constants predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Si


FCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in red) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Si


FCC Stacking Fault Energies

This bar chart plot shows the intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies as well as the unstable stacking and unstable twinning energies for face-centered cubic (fcc) predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

FCC Surface Energies

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) relaxed surface energies predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

SC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic simple cubic (sc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Si


Cubic Crystal Basic Properties Table

Species: Si





Conjugate gradient relaxation of atomic cluster v003

Creators: Daniel S. Karls
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/b47dd4c4

Given an xyz file corresponding to a finite cluster of atoms, this Test Driver computes the total potential energy and atomic forces on the configuration. The positions are then relaxed using conjugate gradient minimization and the final positions and forces are recorded. These results are primarily of interest for training machine-learning algorithms.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4038
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2199
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1975
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4028
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2199
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2199
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2236
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3909
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3829
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4366
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4197
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2274
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3939
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4227
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2013
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2236
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2348
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2274
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4386
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4456
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4396
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2199
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2199
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2087
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1864
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1938
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2385
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3919
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2087
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4038
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4018
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1901
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3988
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3819
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2348
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3998
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2348
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4018
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2050
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4068
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3879
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4247
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4167
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4008
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3839
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3869
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2199
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2274
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3959
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3978
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4356
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3869
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4108
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4217
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1975
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2199
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4277
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2236
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4008
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2013
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4525
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2385
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4098
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2534
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3959
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3799
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2050
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4356
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2199
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3919
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4138
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2236
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2013
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2274
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2274
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4336
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2199
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2274
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3889
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3849
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4247
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2013
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4177
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2236
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2236
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2460
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4466
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2050
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1938
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2385
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2348
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2274
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4038
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2087
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3929
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2460
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2274
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2385
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3799
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3859
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4018
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2385
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2087
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3829
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1975
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2087
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2385
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2385
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3919
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2050
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3978
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1901
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3889
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4128
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2013
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4128
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2087
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1975
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2087
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4058
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3968
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3829
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2050
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2013
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4018
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2423
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4048
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2236
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4048
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4018
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3919
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2423
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2274
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3789
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3740
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4008
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4128
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3919
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1975
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4217
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3909
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3929
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3968
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4307
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4038
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2236
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2236
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3949
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3939
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4317
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4147
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2236
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4108
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2534
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2236
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2087
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4386
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4018
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2348
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2199
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3889
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3988
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3968
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3939
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3879
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4197
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3998
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4108
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4068
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4038
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2423
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4197
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3978
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3978
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2236
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4028
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3959
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4287
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2087
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4048
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4167
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4506
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4655
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3939
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1975
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3750
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2125
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2236
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4177
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4426
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2274
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3859
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3770
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4237
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2199
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2385
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4018
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2311
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4187
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4416
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2348
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2348
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4366
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2162
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3968
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3988
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2385
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2385
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4187
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