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MEAM_LAMMPS_KimJeonLee_2015_MgCa__MO_611309973581_002

Interatomic potential for Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg).
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Title
A single sentence description.
MEAM Potential for the Mg-Ca system developed by Kim, Jeon and Lee (2015) v002
Citations

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This panel provides information on past usage of this interatomic potential (IP) powered by the OpenKIM Deep Citation framework. The word cloud indicates typical applications of the potential. The bar chart shows citations per year of this IP (bars are divided into articles that used the IP (green) and those that did not (blue)). The complete list of articles that cited this IP is provided below along with the Deep Citation determination on usage. See the Deep Citation documentation for more information.

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Description
A short description of the Model describing its key features including for example: type of model (pair potential, 3-body potential, EAM, etc.), modeled species (Ac, Ag, ..., Zr), intended purpose, origin, and so on.
Interatomic potential Mg–Ca binary system have been developed on the basis of the second nearest-neighbor modified embedded-atom method (2NN MEAM) formalism. The potential can describe the alloy behavior (structural, thermodynamic and defect properties of solid solutions and compounds) of binary system in reasonable agreement with experimental data or first-principles and other calculations.
Species
The supported atomic species.
Ca, Mg
Disclaimer
A statement of applicability provided by the contributor, informing users of the intended use of this KIM Item.
None
Content Origin http://cmse.postech.ac.kr/home_2nnmeam
Contributor Jong-Kwan Lee
Maintainer Jong-Kwan Lee
Developer Ki-Hyun Kim
Jong Bae Jeon
Byeong-Joo Lee
Published on KIM 2023
How to Cite

This Model originally published in [1] is archived in OpenKIM [2-5].

[1] Kim K-H, Jeon JB, Lee B-J. Modified embedded-atom method interatomic potentials for Mg–X (X= Y, Sn, Ca) binary systems. Calphad. 2015;48:27–34. doi:10.1016/j.calphad.2014.10.001 — (Primary Source) A primary source is a reference directly related to the item documenting its development, as opposed to other sources that are provided as background information.

[2] Kim K-H, Jeon JB, Lee B-J. MEAM Potential for the Mg-Ca system developed by Kim, Jeon and Lee (2015) v002. OpenKIM; 2023. doi:10.25950/7f588c66

[3] Afshar Y, Hütter S, Rudd RE, Stukowski A, Tipton WW, Trinkle DR, et al. The modified embedded atom method (MEAM) potential v002. OpenKIM; 2023. doi:10.25950/ee5eba52

[4] Tadmor EB, Elliott RS, Sethna JP, Miller RE, Becker CA. The potential of atomistic simulations and the Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models. JOM. 2011;63(7):17. doi:10.1007/s11837-011-0102-6

[5] Elliott RS, Tadmor EB. Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models (KIM) Application Programming Interface (API). OpenKIM; 2011. doi:10.25950/ff8f563a

Click here to download the above citation in BibTeX format.
Funding Not available
Short KIM ID
The unique KIM identifier code.
MO_611309973581_002
Extended KIM ID
The long form of the KIM ID including a human readable prefix (100 characters max), two underscores, and the Short KIM ID. Extended KIM IDs can only contain alpha-numeric characters (letters and digits) and underscores and must begin with a letter.
MEAM_LAMMPS_KimJeonLee_2015_MgCa__MO_611309973581_002
DOI 10.25950/7f588c66
https://doi.org/10.25950/7f588c66
https://commons.datacite.org/doi.org/10.25950/7f588c66
KIM Item Type
Specifies whether this is a Portable Model (software implementation of an interatomic model); Portable Model with parameter file (parameter file to be read in by a Model Driver); Model Driver (software implementation of an interatomic model that reads in parameters).
Portable Model using Model Driver MEAM_LAMMPS__MD_249792265679_002
DriverMEAM_LAMMPS__MD_249792265679_002
KIM API Version2.2
Potential Type meam
Previous Version MEAM_LAMMPS_KimJeonLee_2015_MgCa__MO_611309973581_001

(Click here to learn more about Verification Checks)

Grade Name Category Brief Description Full Results Aux File(s)
P vc-species-supported-as-stated mandatory
The model supports all species it claims to support; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-periodicity-support mandatory
Periodic boundary conditions are handled correctly; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-permutation-symmetry mandatory
Total energy and forces are unchanged when swapping atoms of the same species; see full description.
Results Files
B vc-forces-numerical-derivative consistency
Forces computed by the model agree with numerical derivatives of the energy; see full description.
Results Files
N/A vc-dimer-continuity-c1 informational
The energy versus separation relation of a pair of atoms is C1 continuous (i.e. the function and its first derivative are continuous); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-objectivity informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces transform correctly under rigid-body translation and rotation; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-inversion-symmetry informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces change sign when inverting a configuration through the origin; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-memory-leak informational
The model code does not have memory leaks (i.e. it releases all allocated memory at the end); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-thread-safe mandatory
The model returns the same energy and forces when computed in serial and when using parallel threads for a set of configurations. Note that this is not a guarantee of thread safety; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-unit-conversion mandatory
The model is able to correctly convert its energy and/or forces to different unit sets; see full description.
Results Files


BCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic body-centered cubic (bcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Mg
Species: Ca


Cohesive Energy Graph

This graph shows the cohesive energy versus volume-per-atom for the current mode for four mono-atomic cubic phases (body-centered cubic (bcc), face-centered cubic (fcc), simple cubic (sc), and diamond). The curve with the lowest minimum is the ground state of the crystal if stable. (The crystal structure is enforced in these calculations, so the phase may not be stable.) Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Mg
Species: Ca


Diamond Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered diamond lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Ca
Species: Mg


Dislocation Core Energies

This graph shows the dislocation core energy of a cubic crystal at zero temperature and pressure for a specific set of dislocation core cutoff radii. After obtaining the total energy of the system from conjugate gradient minimizations, non-singular, isotropic and anisotropic elasticity are applied to obtain the dislocation core energy for each of these supercells with different dipole distances. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

FCC Elastic Constants

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) elastic constants predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Ca
Species: Mg


FCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in red) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Mg
Species: Ca


FCC Stacking Fault Energies

This bar chart plot shows the intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies as well as the unstable stacking and unstable twinning energies for face-centered cubic (fcc) predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Ca


FCC Surface Energies

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) relaxed surface energies predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Ca


SC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic simple cubic (sc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Ca
Species: Mg


Cubic Crystal Basic Properties Table

Species: Ca

Species: Mg





Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for monoatomic cubic lattices v003

Creators:
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/64cb38c5

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the cohesive energy of a given monoatomic cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, or diamond) at a variety of lattice spacings. The lattice spacings range from a_min (=a_min_frac*a_0) to a_max (=a_max_frac*a_0) where a_0, a_min_frac, and a_max_frac are read from stdin (a_0 is typically approximately equal to the equilibrium lattice constant). The precise scaling and number of lattice spacings sampled between a_min and a_0 (a_0 and a_max) is specified by two additional parameters passed from stdin: N_lower and samplespacing_lower (N_upper and samplespacing_upper). Please see README.txt for further details.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc Ca v004 view 6564
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc Mg v004 view 6564
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for diamond Ca v004 view 6699
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for diamond Mg v004 view 6552
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc Ca v004 view 6753
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc Mg v004 view 5421
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for sc Ca v004 view 6552
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for sc Mg v004 view 6552


Elastic constants for cubic crystals at zero temperature and pressure v006

Creators: Junhao Li and Ellad Tadmor
Contributor: tadmor
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/5853fb8f

Computes the cubic elastic constants for some common crystal types (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) by calculating the hessian of the energy density with respect to strain. An estimate of the error associated with the numerical differentiation performed is reported.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Elastic constants for bcc Ca at zero temperature v006 view 47403
Elastic constants for bcc Mg at zero temperature v006 view 32393
Elastic constants for diamond Mg at zero temperature v001 view 49620
Elastic constants for fcc Ca at zero temperature v006 view 33718
Elastic constants for fcc Mg at zero temperature v006 view 35865
Elastic constants for sc Ca at zero temperature v006 view 18887
Elastic constants for sc Mg at zero temperature v006 view 20151


Equilibrium structure and energy for a crystal structure at zero temperature and pressure v001

Creators:
Contributor: ilia
Publication Year: 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/e8a7ed84

Computes the equilibrium crystal structure and energy for an arbitrary crystal at zero temperature and applied stress by performing symmetry-constrained relaxation. The crystal structure is specified using the AFLOW prototype designation. Multiple sets of free parameters corresponding to the crystal prototype may be specified as initial guesses for structure optimization. No guarantee is made regarding the stability of computed equilibria, nor that any are the ground state.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Ca in AFLOW crystal prototype A_cF4_225_a v001 view 90332
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Mg in AFLOW crystal prototype A_cF4_225_a v001 view 85989
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Ca in AFLOW crystal prototype A_cI2_229_a v001 view 78848
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Mg in AFLOW crystal prototype A_cI2_229_a v001 view 68614
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Ca in AFLOW crystal prototype A_cP1_221_a v001 view 77596
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Ca in AFLOW crystal prototype A_hP1_191_a v001 view 72516
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Ca in AFLOW crystal prototype A_hP2_194_c v001 view 75976
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Mg in AFLOW crystal prototype A_hP2_194_c v001 view 63019
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Ca in AFLOW crystal prototype A_tI8_140_h v001 view 68467
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for CaMg in AFLOW crystal prototype AB2_hP12_194_f_ah v001 view 76124


Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure v007

Creators: Daniel S. Karls and Junhao Li
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/2765e3bf

Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc Ca v007 view 14720
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc Mg v007 view 14392
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond Ca v007 view 15705
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond Mg v007 view 18332
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc Ca v007 view 16344
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc Mg v007 view 14521
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc Ca v007 view 13805
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc Mg v007 view 14481


Equilibrium lattice constants for hexagonal bulk structures at zero temperature and pressure v005

Creators: Daniel S. Karls and Junhao Li
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/c339ca32

Calculates lattice constant of hexagonal bulk structures at zero temperature and pressure by using simplex minimization to minimize the potential energy.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium lattice constants for hcp Ca v005 view 250310
Equilibrium lattice constants for hcp Mg v005 view 212616


Linear thermal expansion coefficient of cubic crystal structures v001

Creators: Mingjian Wen
Contributor: mjwen
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/fc69d82d

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the linear thermal expansion coefficient at a finite temperature under a given pressure for a cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) of a single given species.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Linear thermal expansion coefficient of fcc Ca at 293.15 K under a pressure of 0 MPa v001 view 149246570


Phonon dispersion relations for an fcc lattice v004

Creators: Matt Bierbaum
Contributor: mattbierbaum
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/64f4999b

Calculates the phonon dispersion relations for fcc lattices and records the results as curves.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Phonon dispersion relations for fcc Ca v004 view 131413


Stacking and twinning fault energies of an fcc lattice at zero temperature and pressure v002

Creators:
Contributor: SubrahmanyamPattamatta
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/b4cfaf9a

Intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies, unstable stacking fault energy, unstable twinning energy, stacking fault energy as a function of fractional displacement, and gamma surface for a monoatomic FCC lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Stacking and twinning fault energies for fcc Ca v002 view 84647193


High-symmetry surface energies in cubic lattices and broken bond model v004

Creators: Matt Bierbaum
Contributor: mattbierbaum
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/6c43a4e6

Calculates the surface energy of several high symmetry surfaces and produces a broken-bond model fit. In latex form, the fit equations are given by:

E_{FCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (2 ( |x+ 2y + z| + |x+2y-z| + |x-2y + z| + |x-2y-z| + |2x+y+z| + |2x+y-z| +|2x-y+z| +|2x-y-z| +|x+y+2z| +|x+y-2z| +|x-y+2z| +|x-y-2z| ) + c

E_{BCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (6 \left( | x+y+z| + |x+y-z| + |-x+y-z| + |x-y+z| \right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) +c.

In Python, these two fits take the following form:

def BrokenBondFCC(params, index):

import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*(abs(x+2*y+z) + abs(x+2*y-z) +abs(x-2*y+z) +abs(x-2*y-z) + abs(2*x+y+z) +abs(2*x+y-z) +abs(2*x-y+z) +abs(2*x-y-z) + abs(x+y+2*z) +abs(x+y-2*z) +abs(x-y+2*z) +abs(x-y-2*z))+params[3]

def BrokenBondBCC(params, x, y, z):


import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*6*(abs(x+y+z) + abs(x-y-z) + abs(x-y+z) + abs(x+y-z)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[3]
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Broken-bond fit of high-symmetry surface energies in fcc Ca v004 view 183862


Monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals v001

Creators:
Contributor: efuem
Publication Year: 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/fca89cea

Computes the monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for fcc Ca view 963398
Monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for hcp Mg view 699763


Vacancy formation and migration energies for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals v001

Creators:
Contributor: efuem
Publication Year: 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/c27ba3cd

Computes the monovacancy formation and migration energies for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Vacancy formation and migration energy for fcc Ca view 3354297
Vacancy formation and migration energy for hcp Mg view 6497083





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