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MEAM_LAMMPS_KimLee_2017_MgPb__MO_325675357262_002

Interatomic potential for Lead (Pb), Magnesium (Mg).
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Title
A single sentence description.
MEAM Potential for the Mg-Pb system developed by Kim and Lee (2017) v002
Citations

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This panel provides information on past usage of this interatomic potential (IP) powered by the OpenKIM Deep Citation framework. The word cloud indicates typical applications of the potential. The bar chart shows citations per year of this IP (bars are divided into articles that used the IP (green) and those that did not (blue)). The complete list of articles that cited this IP is provided below along with the Deep Citation determination on usage. See the Deep Citation documentation for more information.

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Description
A short description of the Model describing its key features including for example: type of model (pair potential, 3-body potential, EAM, etc.), modeled species (Ac, Ag, ..., Zr), intended purpose, origin, and so on.
Interatomic potentials for the Mg-Pb binary systems has been developed within the framework of the second nearest-neighbor modified embedded-atom method (2NN MEAM) formalism. The potential describes a wide range of fundamental materials properties (thermodynamic, structural and elastic properties of compound and solution phases) of relevant systems in reasonable agreement with experimental data or first-principles and CALPHAD calculations. In the original paper (Kim and Lee, Calphad, 57, 2017), the applicability of the developed potential to atomistic simulations on deformation behavior in Mg and its alloys is demonstrated by showing that the potentials reproduce related material properties reasonably and are transferable sufficiently.
Species
The supported atomic species.
Mg, Pb
Disclaimer
A statement of applicability provided by the contributor, informing users of the intended use of this KIM Item.
None
Content Origin http://cmse.postech.ac.kr/home_2nnmeam
Contributor Hyeon-Seok Do
Maintainer Hyeon-Seok Do
Developer Ki-Hyun Kim
Byeong-Joo Lee
Published on KIM 2023
How to Cite

This Model originally published in [1] is archived in OpenKIM [2-5].

[1] Kim K-H, Lee B-J. Modified embedded-atom method interatomic potentials for Mg-Nd and Mg-Pb binary systems. Calphad. 2017;57:55–61. doi:10.1016/j.calphad.2017.03.003 — (Primary Source) A primary source is a reference directly related to the item documenting its development, as opposed to other sources that are provided as background information.

[2] Kim K-H, Lee B-J. MEAM Potential for the Mg-Pb system developed by Kim and Lee (2017) v002. OpenKIM; 2023. doi:10.25950/77b8fbf5

[3] Afshar Y, Hütter S, Rudd RE, Stukowski A, Tipton WW, Trinkle DR, et al. The modified embedded atom method (MEAM) potential v002. OpenKIM; 2023. doi:10.25950/ee5eba52

[4] Tadmor EB, Elliott RS, Sethna JP, Miller RE, Becker CA. The potential of atomistic simulations and the Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models. JOM. 2011;63(7):17. doi:10.1007/s11837-011-0102-6

[5] Elliott RS, Tadmor EB. Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models (KIM) Application Programming Interface (API). OpenKIM; 2011. doi:10.25950/ff8f563a

Click here to download the above citation in BibTeX format.
Funding Not available
Short KIM ID
The unique KIM identifier code.
MO_325675357262_002
Extended KIM ID
The long form of the KIM ID including a human readable prefix (100 characters max), two underscores, and the Short KIM ID. Extended KIM IDs can only contain alpha-numeric characters (letters and digits) and underscores and must begin with a letter.
MEAM_LAMMPS_KimLee_2017_MgPb__MO_325675357262_002
DOI 10.25950/77b8fbf5
https://doi.org/10.25950/77b8fbf5
https://commons.datacite.org/doi.org/10.25950/77b8fbf5
KIM Item Type
Specifies whether this is a Portable Model (software implementation of an interatomic model); Portable Model with parameter file (parameter file to be read in by a Model Driver); Model Driver (software implementation of an interatomic model that reads in parameters).
Portable Model using Model Driver MEAM_LAMMPS__MD_249792265679_002
DriverMEAM_LAMMPS__MD_249792265679_002
KIM API Version2.2
Potential Type meam
Previous Version MEAM_LAMMPS_KimLee_2017_MgPb__MO_325675357262_001

(Click here to learn more about Verification Checks)

Grade Name Category Brief Description Full Results Aux File(s)
P vc-species-supported-as-stated mandatory
The model supports all species it claims to support; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-periodicity-support mandatory
Periodic boundary conditions are handled correctly; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-permutation-symmetry mandatory
Total energy and forces are unchanged when swapping atoms of the same species; see full description.
Results Files
B vc-forces-numerical-derivative consistency
Forces computed by the model agree with numerical derivatives of the energy; see full description.
Results Files
N/A vc-dimer-continuity-c1 informational
The energy versus separation relation of a pair of atoms is C1 continuous (i.e. the function and its first derivative are continuous); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-objectivity informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces transform correctly under rigid-body translation and rotation; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-inversion-symmetry informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces change sign when inverting a configuration through the origin; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-memory-leak informational
The model code does not have memory leaks (i.e. it releases all allocated memory at the end); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-thread-safe mandatory
The model returns the same energy and forces when computed in serial and when using parallel threads for a set of configurations. Note that this is not a guarantee of thread safety; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-unit-conversion mandatory
The model is able to correctly convert its energy and/or forces to different unit sets; see full description.
Results Files


BCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic body-centered cubic (bcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Mg
Species: Pb


Cohesive Energy Graph

This graph shows the cohesive energy versus volume-per-atom for the current mode for four mono-atomic cubic phases (body-centered cubic (bcc), face-centered cubic (fcc), simple cubic (sc), and diamond). The curve with the lowest minimum is the ground state of the crystal if stable. (The crystal structure is enforced in these calculations, so the phase may not be stable.) Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Mg
Species: Pb


Diamond Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered diamond lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Pb
Species: Mg


Dislocation Core Energies

This graph shows the dislocation core energy of a cubic crystal at zero temperature and pressure for a specific set of dislocation core cutoff radii. After obtaining the total energy of the system from conjugate gradient minimizations, non-singular, isotropic and anisotropic elasticity are applied to obtain the dislocation core energy for each of these supercells with different dipole distances. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

FCC Elastic Constants

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) elastic constants predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Pb
Species: Mg


FCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in red) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Mg
Species: Pb


FCC Stacking Fault Energies

This bar chart plot shows the intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies as well as the unstable stacking and unstable twinning energies for face-centered cubic (fcc) predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Pb


FCC Surface Energies

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) relaxed surface energies predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Pb


SC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic simple cubic (sc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Pb
Species: Mg


Cubic Crystal Basic Properties Table

Species: Mg

Species: Pb





Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for monoatomic cubic lattices v003

Creators:
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/64cb38c5

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the cohesive energy of a given monoatomic cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, or diamond) at a variety of lattice spacings. The lattice spacings range from a_min (=a_min_frac*a_0) to a_max (=a_max_frac*a_0) where a_0, a_min_frac, and a_max_frac are read from stdin (a_0 is typically approximately equal to the equilibrium lattice constant). The precise scaling and number of lattice spacings sampled between a_min and a_0 (a_0 and a_max) is specified by two additional parameters passed from stdin: N_lower and samplespacing_lower (N_upper and samplespacing_upper). Please see README.txt for further details.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc Mg v004 view 7436
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc Pb v004 view 7288
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for diamond Mg v004 view 7300
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for diamond Pb v004 view 6256
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc Mg v004 view 7012
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc Pb v004 view 6087
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for sc Mg v004 view 6733
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for sc Pb v004 view 7002


Elastic constants for cubic crystals at zero temperature and pressure v006

Creators: Junhao Li and Ellad Tadmor
Contributor: tadmor
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/5853fb8f

Computes the cubic elastic constants for some common crystal types (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) by calculating the hessian of the energy density with respect to strain. An estimate of the error associated with the numerical differentiation performed is reported.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Elastic constants for bcc Mg at zero temperature v006 view 24957
Elastic constants for bcc Pb at zero temperature v006 view 30773
Elastic constants for diamond Pb at zero temperature v001 view 34675
Elastic constants for fcc Mg at zero temperature v006 view 34381
Elastic constants for fcc Pb at zero temperature v006 view 20499
Elastic constants for sc Mg at zero temperature v006 view 43394
Elastic constants for sc Pb at zero temperature v006 view 19683


Equilibrium structure and energy for a crystal structure at zero temperature and pressure v001

Creators:
Contributor: ilia
Publication Year: 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/e8a7ed84

Computes the equilibrium crystal structure and energy for an arbitrary crystal at zero temperature and applied stress by performing symmetry-constrained relaxation. The crystal structure is specified using the AFLOW prototype designation. Multiple sets of free parameters corresponding to the crystal prototype may be specified as initial guesses for structure optimization. No guarantee is made regarding the stability of computed equilibria, nor that any are the ground state.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for MgPb in AFLOW crystal prototype A2B_cF12_225_c_a v001 view 110340
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for MgPb in AFLOW crystal prototype A2B_oP12_62_2c_c v001 view 77826
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Mg in AFLOW crystal prototype A_cF4_225_a v001 view 86357
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Pb in AFLOW crystal prototype A_cF4_225_a v001 view 85989
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Mg in AFLOW crystal prototype A_cI2_229_a v001 view 78332
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Pb in AFLOW crystal prototype A_cI2_229_a v001 view 80173
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Mg in AFLOW crystal prototype A_hP2_194_c v001 view 70970
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Pb in AFLOW crystal prototype A_hP2_194_c v001 view 75682


Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a symmetric tilt grain boundary within a cubic crystal v003

Creators:
Contributor: brunnels
Publication Year: 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/2c59c9d6

Computes grain boundary energy for a range of tilt angles given a crystal structure, tilt axis, and material.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 100 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Pb v000 view 29610901
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 110 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Pb v000 view 99435087
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 111 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Pb v000 view 54318677
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 112 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Pb v000 view 215622003


Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure v007

Creators: Daniel S. Karls and Junhao Li
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/2765e3bf

Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc Mg v007 view 20761
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc Pb v007 view 11358
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond Mg v007 view 12820
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond Pb v007 view 17227
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc Mg v007 view 12383
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc Pb v007 view 11945
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc Mg v007 view 9939
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc Pb v007 view 10160


Equilibrium lattice constants for hexagonal bulk structures at zero temperature and pressure v005

Creators: Daniel S. Karls and Junhao Li
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/c339ca32

Calculates lattice constant of hexagonal bulk structures at zero temperature and pressure by using simplex minimization to minimize the potential energy.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium lattice constants for hcp Mg v005 view 178292
Equilibrium lattice constants for hcp Pb v005 view 184329


Linear thermal expansion coefficient of cubic crystal structures v001

Creators: Mingjian Wen
Contributor: mjwen
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/fc69d82d

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the linear thermal expansion coefficient at a finite temperature under a given pressure for a cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) of a single given species.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Linear thermal expansion coefficient of fcc Pb at 293.15 K under a pressure of 0 MPa v001 view 50869925


Phonon dispersion relations for an fcc lattice v004

Creators: Matt Bierbaum
Contributor: mattbierbaum
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/64f4999b

Calculates the phonon dispersion relations for fcc lattices and records the results as curves.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Phonon dispersion relations for fcc Pb v004 view 88102


Stacking and twinning fault energies of an fcc lattice at zero temperature and pressure v002

Creators:
Contributor: SubrahmanyamPattamatta
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/b4cfaf9a

Intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies, unstable stacking fault energy, unstable twinning energy, stacking fault energy as a function of fractional displacement, and gamma surface for a monoatomic FCC lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Stacking and twinning fault energies for fcc Pb v002 view 43721080


High-symmetry surface energies in cubic lattices and broken bond model v004

Creators: Matt Bierbaum
Contributor: mattbierbaum
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/6c43a4e6

Calculates the surface energy of several high symmetry surfaces and produces a broken-bond model fit. In latex form, the fit equations are given by:

E_{FCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (2 ( |x+ 2y + z| + |x+2y-z| + |x-2y + z| + |x-2y-z| + |2x+y+z| + |2x+y-z| +|2x-y+z| +|2x-y-z| +|x+y+2z| +|x+y-2z| +|x-y+2z| +|x-y-2z| ) + c

E_{BCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (6 \left( | x+y+z| + |x+y-z| + |-x+y-z| + |x-y+z| \right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) +c.

In Python, these two fits take the following form:

def BrokenBondFCC(params, index):

import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*(abs(x+2*y+z) + abs(x+2*y-z) +abs(x-2*y+z) +abs(x-2*y-z) + abs(2*x+y+z) +abs(2*x+y-z) +abs(2*x-y+z) +abs(2*x-y-z) + abs(x+y+2*z) +abs(x+y-2*z) +abs(x-y+2*z) +abs(x-y-2*z))+params[3]

def BrokenBondBCC(params, x, y, z):


import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*6*(abs(x+y+z) + abs(x-y-z) + abs(x-y+z) + abs(x+y-z)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[3]
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Broken-bond fit of high-symmetry surface energies in fcc Pb v004 view 102016


Monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals v001

Creators:
Contributor: efuem
Publication Year: 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/fca89cea

Computes the monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for fcc Pb view 566363
Monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for hcp Mg view 870710


Vacancy formation and migration energies for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals v001

Creators:
Contributor: efuem
Publication Year: 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/c27ba3cd

Computes the monovacancy formation and migration energies for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Vacancy formation and migration energy for fcc Pb view 1502079
Vacancy formation and migration energy for hcp Mg view 719567





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