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MEAM_LAMMPS_KimShinLee_2008_Ge__MO_657096500078_000

Interatomic potential for Germanium (Ge).
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Title
A single sentence description.
MEAM Potential for Ge developed by Kim, Shin and Lee (2008) v000
Description
A short description of the Model describing its key features including for example: type of model (pair potential, 3-body potential, EAM, etc.), modeled species (Ac, Ag, ..., Zr), intended purpose, origin, and so on.
This is a semi-empirical interatomic potential for germanium based on the modified embedded-atom method (MEAM) formalism. This potential describes various fundamental physical properties of germanium: elastic, structural, point defect, surface, thermal properties (except melting point), etc., in better agreement with experimental data or first principles calculations than any other empirical potential ever developed. When compared to the previously developed MEAM Ge potential [M.I. Baskes, J.S. Nelson, A.F. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 40 (1989) 6085], certain improvements are made in descriptions of surface relaxations, point defects, thermal expansion and amorphous structure. The potential has the same formalism as already developed MEAM potentials for bcc, fcc and hcp elements, and can be easily extended to describe various metal–silicon multi-component systems.
Species
The supported atomic species.
Ge
Disclaimer
A statement of applicability provided by the contributor, informing users of the intended use of this KIM Item.
None
Content Origin https://www.ctcms.nist.gov/potentials/entry/2008--Kim-E-H-Shin-Y-H-Lee-B-J--Ge/
Contributor ilia Nikiforov
Maintainer ilia Nikiforov
Developer Eun Ha Kim
Young-Han Shin
Byeong-Joo Lee
Published on KIM 2022
How to Cite

This Model originally published in [1] is archived in OpenKIM [2-5].

[1] Kim EH, Shin Y-H, Lee B-J. A modified embedded-atom method interatomic potential for Germanium. Calphad [Internet]. 2008;32(1):34–42. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S036459160700096X doi:10.1016/j.calphad.2007.12.003 — (Primary Source) A primary source is a reference directly related to the item documenting its development, as opposed to other sources that are provided as background information.

[2] MEAM Potential for Ge developed by Kim, Shin and Lee (2008) v000. OpenKIM; 2022. doi:10.25950/832df368

[3] Modified embedded atom method (MEAM) Model Driver v001. OpenKIM; 2021. doi:10.25950/773efb8e

[4] Tadmor EB, Elliott RS, Sethna JP, Miller RE, Becker CA. The potential of atomistic simulations and the Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models. JOM. 2011;63(7):17. doi:10.1007/s11837-011-0102-6

[5] Elliott RS, Tadmor EB. Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models (KIM) Application Programming Interface (API). OpenKIM; 2011. doi:10.25950/ff8f563a

Click here to download the above citation in BibTeX format.
Funding Award Number: R01-2006-000-10585-0
Funder: Korea Science and Engineering Foundation

Short KIM ID
The unique KIM identifier code.
MO_657096500078_000
Extended KIM ID
The long form of the KIM ID including a human readable prefix (100 characters max), two underscores, and the Short KIM ID. Extended KIM IDs can only contain alpha-numeric characters (letters and digits) and underscores and must begin with a letter.
MEAM_LAMMPS_KimShinLee_2008_Ge__MO_657096500078_000
DOI 10.25950/832df368
https://doi.org/10.25950/832df368
https://search.datacite.org/works/10.25950/832df368
KIM Item Type
Specifies whether this is a Portable Model (software implementation of an interatomic model); Portable Model with parameter file (parameter file to be read in by a Model Driver); Model Driver (software implementation of an interatomic model that reads in parameters).
Portable Model using Model Driver MEAM_LAMMPS__MD_249792265679_001
DriverMEAM_LAMMPS__MD_249792265679_001
KIM API Version2.2
Potential Type meam

(Click here to learn more about Verification Checks)

Grade Name Category Brief Description Full Results Aux File(s)
P vc-species-supported-as-stated mandatory
The model supports all species it claims to support; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-periodicity-support mandatory
Periodic boundary conditions are handled correctly; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-permutation-symmetry mandatory
Total energy and forces are unchanged when swapping atoms of the same species; see full description.
Results Files
A vc-forces-numerical-derivative consistency
Forces computed by the model agree with numerical derivatives of the energy; see full description.
Results Files
F vc-dimer-continuity-c1 informational
The energy versus separation relation of a pair of atoms is C1 continuous (i.e. the function and its first derivative are continuous); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-objectivity informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces transform correctly under rigid-body translation and rotation; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-inversion-symmetry informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces change sign when inverting a configuration through the origin; see full description.
Results Files
N/A vc-memory-leak informational
The model code does not have memory leaks (i.e. it releases all allocated memory at the end); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-thread-safe mandatory
The model returns the same energy and forces when computed in serial and when using parallel threads for a set of configurations. Note that this is not a guarantee of thread safety; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-unit-conversion mandatory
The model is able to correctly convert its energy and/or forces to different unit sets; see full description.
Results Files


BCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic body-centered cubic (bcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Ge


Cohesive Energy Graph

This graph shows the cohesive energy versus volume-per-atom for the current mode for four mono-atomic cubic phases (body-centered cubic (bcc), face-centered cubic (fcc), simple cubic (sc), and diamond). The curve with the lowest minimum is the ground state of the crystal if stable. (The crystal structure is enforced in these calculations, so the phase may not be stable.) Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Ge


Diamond Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered diamond lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Ge


FCC Elastic Constants

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) elastic constants predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Ge


FCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in red) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Ge


FCC Stacking Fault Energies

This bar chart plot shows the intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies as well as the unstable stacking and unstable twinning energies for face-centered cubic (fcc) predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

FCC Surface Energies

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) relaxed surface energies predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

SC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic simple cubic (sc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Ge


Cubic Crystal Basic Properties Table

Species: Ge





Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for monoatomic cubic lattices v003

Creators:
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/64cb38c5

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the cohesive energy of a given monoatomic cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, or diamond) at a variety of lattice spacings. The lattice spacings range from a_min (=a_min_frac*a_0) to a_max (=a_max_frac*a_0) where a_0, a_min_frac, and a_max_frac are read from stdin (a_0 is typically approximately equal to the equilibrium lattice constant). The precise scaling and number of lattice spacings sampled between a_min and a_0 (a_0 and a_max) is specified by two additional parameters passed from stdin: N_lower and samplespacing_lower (N_upper and samplespacing_upper). Please see README.txt for further details.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc Ge v004 view 2765
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for diamond Ge v003 view 2596
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc Ge v003 view 2845
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for sc Ge v003 view 2924


Elastic constants for cubic crystals at zero temperature and pressure v006

Creators: Junhao Li and Ellad Tadmor
Contributor: tadmor
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/5853fb8f

Computes the cubic elastic constants for some common crystal types (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) by calculating the hessian of the energy density with respect to strain. An estimate of the error associated with the numerical differentiation performed is reported.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Elastic constants for bcc Ge at zero temperature v006 view 15854
Elastic constants for diamond Ge at zero temperature v001 view 19584
Elastic constants for fcc Ge at zero temperature v006 view 15546
Elastic constants for sc Ge at zero temperature v006 view 34095


Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure v007

Creators: Daniel S. Karls and Junhao Li
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/2765e3bf

Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc Ge v007 view 11458
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond Ge v007 view 11140
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc Ge v007 view 10941
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc Ge v007 view 10742


Equilibrium lattice constants for hexagonal bulk structures at zero temperature and pressure v005

Creators: Daniel S. Karls and Junhao Li
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/c339ca32

Calculates lattice constant of hexagonal bulk structures at zero temperature and pressure by using simplex minimization to minimize the potential energy.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium lattice constants for hcp Ge v005 view 101091


Linear thermal expansion coefficient of cubic crystal structures v001

Creators: Mingjian Wen
Contributor: Mwen
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/fc69d82d

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the linear thermal expansion coefficient at a finite temperature under a given pressure for a cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) of a single given species.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Linear thermal expansion coefficient of diamond Ge at 293.15 K under a pressure of 0 MPa v001 view 13325671


ElasticConstantsHexagonal__TD_612503193866_004
Test Error Categories Link to Error page
Elastic constants for hcp Ge at zero temperature v004 other view

No Driver
Verification Check Error Categories Link to Error page
PeriodicitySupport__VC_895061507745_004 other view




This Model requires a Model Driver. Archives for the Model Driver MEAM_LAMMPS__MD_249792265679_001 appear below.


MEAM_LAMMPS__MD_249792265679_001.txz Tar+XZ Linux and OS X archive
MEAM_LAMMPS__MD_249792265679_001.zip Zip Windows archive
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