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MEAM_LAMMPS_LenoskySadighAlonso_2000_Si__MO_533426548156_002

Interatomic potential for Silicon (Si).
Use this Potential

Title
A single sentence description.
MEAM potential for Si system developed by Lenosky et al. (2000) v002
Citations

This panel presents the list of papers that cite the interatomic potential whose page you are on (by its primary sources given below in "How to Cite").

Articles marked by the green star have been determined to have used the potential in computations (as opposed to only citing it as background information) by a machine learning (ML) algorithm developed by the KIM Team that analyzes the full text of the papers. Articles that do not use it are marked with a null symbol, and in cases where no information is available a question mark is shown.

The full text of the articles used to train the ML algorithm is provided by the Allen Institute for AI through the Semantic Scholar project.

The word cloud to the right is built from the abstracts of the primary sources and using papers to give a sense of the types of physical phenomena to which this interatomic potential is applied.

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Description
A short description of the Model describing its key features including for example: type of model (pair potential, 3-body potential, EAM, etc.), modeled species (Ac, Ag, ..., Zr), intended purpose, origin, and so on.
We fit an empirical potential for silicon using the modified embedded atom (MEAM) functional form, which contains a nonlinear function of a sum of pairwise and three-body terms. The three-body term is similar to the Stillinger-Weber form. We parameterized our model using five cubic splines, each with 10 fitting parameters, and fitted the parameters to a large database using the force-matching method. Our model provides a reasonable description of energetics for all atomic coordination, Z, from the dimer (Z = 1) to fcc and hcp (Z = 12). It accurately reproduces phonons and elastic constants, as well as point defect energetics. It also provides a good description of reconstruction energetics for both the 30° and 90° partial dislocations. Unlike previous models, our model accurately predicts formation energies and geometries of interstitial complexes - small clusters, interstitial-chain, and planar {311} defects.
Species
The supported atomic species.
Si
Disclaimer
A statement of applicability provided by the contributor, informing users of the intended use of this KIM Item.
None
Content Origin LAMMPS package 22-Sep-2017
Content Other Locations https://openkim.org/id/Sim_LAMMPS_MEAM_LenoskySadighAlonso_2000_Si__SM_622320990752_000
Contributor Yaser Afshar
Maintainer Yaser Afshar
Developer Thomas Lenosky
B. Sadigh
Eduardo Alonso
Vasily V Bulatov
Tomas Diaz de la Rubia
Jeongnim Kim
Arthur F. Voter
Joel D. Kress
Published on KIM 2023
How to Cite

This Model originally published in [1] is archived in OpenKIM [2-5].

[1] Lenosky TJ, Sadigh B, Alonso E, Bulatov VV, Rubia TD de la, Kim J, et al. Highly optimized empirical potential model of silicon. Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering. 2000Oct;8(6):825–41. doi:10.1088/0965-0393/8/6/305 — (Primary Source) A primary source is a reference directly related to the item documenting its development, as opposed to other sources that are provided as background information.

[2] Lenosky T, Sadigh B, Alonso E, Bulatov VV, Rubia TD de la, Kim J, et al. MEAM potential for Si system developed by Lenosky et al. (2000) v002. OpenKIM; 2023. doi:10.25950/ef89dfed

[3] Afshar Y, Hütter S, Rudd RE, Stukowski A, Tipton WW, Trinkle DR, et al. The modified embedded atom method (MEAM) potential v002. OpenKIM; 2023. doi:10.25950/ee5eba52

[4] Tadmor EB, Elliott RS, Sethna JP, Miller RE, Becker CA. The potential of atomistic simulations and the Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models. JOM. 2011;63(7):17. doi:10.1007/s11837-011-0102-6

[5] Elliott RS, Tadmor EB. Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models (KIM) Application Programming Interface (API). OpenKIM; 2011. doi:10.25950/ff8f563a

Click here to download the above citation in BibTeX format.
Funding Not available
Short KIM ID
The unique KIM identifier code.
MO_533426548156_002
Extended KIM ID
The long form of the KIM ID including a human readable prefix (100 characters max), two underscores, and the Short KIM ID. Extended KIM IDs can only contain alpha-numeric characters (letters and digits) and underscores and must begin with a letter.
MEAM_LAMMPS_LenoskySadighAlonso_2000_Si__MO_533426548156_002
DOI 10.25950/ef89dfed
https://doi.org/10.25950/ef89dfed
https://search.datacite.org/works/10.25950/ef89dfed
KIM Item Type
Specifies whether this is a Portable Model (software implementation of an interatomic model); Portable Model with parameter file (parameter file to be read in by a Model Driver); Model Driver (software implementation of an interatomic model that reads in parameters).
Portable Model using Model Driver MEAM_LAMMPS__MD_249792265679_002
DriverMEAM_LAMMPS__MD_249792265679_002
KIM API Version2.2
Potential Type meam
Previous Version MEAM_LAMMPS_LenoskySadighAlonso_2000_Si__MO_533426548156_001

(Click here to learn more about Verification Checks)

Grade Name Category Brief Description Full Results Aux File(s)
P vc-species-supported-as-stated mandatory
The model supports all species it claims to support; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-periodicity-support mandatory
Periodic boundary conditions are handled correctly; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-permutation-symmetry mandatory
Total energy and forces are unchanged when swapping atoms of the same species; see full description.
Results Files
A vc-forces-numerical-derivative consistency
Forces computed by the model agree with numerical derivatives of the energy; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-dimer-continuity-c1 informational
The energy versus separation relation of a pair of atoms is C1 continuous (i.e. the function and its first derivative are continuous); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-objectivity informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces transform correctly under rigid-body translation and rotation; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-inversion-symmetry informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces change sign when inverting a configuration through the origin; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-memory-leak informational
The model code does not have memory leaks (i.e. it releases all allocated memory at the end); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-thread-safe mandatory
The model returns the same energy and forces when computed in serial and when using parallel threads for a set of configurations. Note that this is not a guarantee of thread safety; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-unit-conversion mandatory
The model is able to correctly convert its energy and/or forces to different unit sets; see full description.
Results Files


BCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic body-centered cubic (bcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Si


Cohesive Energy Graph

This graph shows the cohesive energy versus volume-per-atom for the current mode for four mono-atomic cubic phases (body-centered cubic (bcc), face-centered cubic (fcc), simple cubic (sc), and diamond). The curve with the lowest minimum is the ground state of the crystal if stable. (The crystal structure is enforced in these calculations, so the phase may not be stable.) Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Si


Diamond Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered diamond lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Si


Dislocation Core Energies

This graph shows the dislocation core energy of a cubic crystal at zero temperature and pressure for a specific set of dislocation core cutoff radii. After obtaining the total energy of the system from conjugate gradient minimizations, non-singular, isotropic and anisotropic elasticity are applied to obtain the dislocation core energy for each of these supercells with different dipole distances. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

FCC Elastic Constants

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) elastic constants predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Si


FCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in red) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Si


FCC Stacking Fault Energies

This bar chart plot shows the intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies as well as the unstable stacking and unstable twinning energies for face-centered cubic (fcc) predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

FCC Surface Energies

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) relaxed surface energies predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

SC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic simple cubic (sc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Si


Cubic Crystal Basic Properties Table

Species: Si





Conjugate gradient relaxation of atomic cluster v003

Creators: Daniel S. Karls
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/b47dd4c4

Given an xyz file corresponding to a finite cluster of atoms, this Test Driver computes the total potential energy and atomic forces on the configuration. The positions are then relaxed using conjugate gradient minimization and the final positions and forces are recorded. These results are primarily of interest for training machine-learning algorithms.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3720
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4196
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5669
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3607
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3531
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3859
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4123
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3551
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3471
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2798
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4123
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4491
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5374
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3630
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5595
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3710
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3770
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2577
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3680
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3640
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3660
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3740
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 7509
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3720
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3879
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3511
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2503
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3889
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4270
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3239
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3740
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2724
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 6920
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3481
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3551
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3670
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5153
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3640
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3600
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3799
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 12221
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3770
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3799
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 8908
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3561
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3710
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2650
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3471
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3670
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3591
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2356
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1472
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3681
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3581
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3680
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3313
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3710
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2209
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 9055
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5595
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3750
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2577
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3680
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3551
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2577
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3581
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5890
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3779
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1546
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3770
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3919
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3640
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3387
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1620
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 8466
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2282
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5522
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3710
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3660
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3779
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2871
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5595
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3828
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3640
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 9423
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3640
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1988
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3630
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3541
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2282
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3620
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2945
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2503
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3680
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3571
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2798
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2798
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4859
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 6184
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3511
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2798
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3690
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5301
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2061
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3670
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3720
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3551
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2577
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3680
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5374
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3640
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3819
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3640
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3521
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3571
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3551
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3511
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3640
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2871
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 8834
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3610
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 9055
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1841
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3581
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3650
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4196
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2209
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3760
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3680
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2945
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3571
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2061
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3610
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3720
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3640
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3313
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3670
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 7362
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3640
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1988
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3491
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2356
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3600
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3239
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5153
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3501
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3680
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3534
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3441
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 7804
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3755
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3700
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4270
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 8908
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5669
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 8245
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 6699
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2577
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3591
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3460
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2209
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2135
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3949
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3869
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 8540
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3541
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2724
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4123
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3551
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3680
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3239
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4638
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2429
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2650
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3650
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3600
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3640
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3690
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3607
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3750
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3491
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3998
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2356
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3829
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3730
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5669
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 12221
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2577
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5963
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3600
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 6111
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5669
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3799
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3541
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4417
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3670
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3670
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3600
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3828
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3700
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3710
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5890
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3534
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3760
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3849
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2577
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4638
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3690
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3660
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3610
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5153
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3869
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4196
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3607
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 6773
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 1546
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3501
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 10380
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3828
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4123
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3600
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Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 6994
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Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3561
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3620
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3387
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3849
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5816
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2209
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3839
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 7068
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3755
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4491
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Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 11853
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 6847
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3551
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2577
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3392
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4491
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3571
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3902
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3779
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3650
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3700
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 12074
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3730
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Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2577
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Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3710
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2061
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 9571
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Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3819
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 4049
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 8908
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 3690
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 5595
Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 6111
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Conjugate gradient relaxation of random finite cluster of Si atoms v003 view 2429
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