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Sim_LAMMPS_EAM_EichBeinkeSchmitz_2015_FeCr__SM_731771351835_000

Interatomic potential for Chromium (Cr), Iron (Fe).
Use this Potential

Title
A single sentence description.
EAM/TBM potential for Fe–Cr developed by Eich et al. (2015) v000
Description A new potential for the iron–chromium (Fe–Cr) alloy system was optimized for the embedded-atom method (EAM) within the two-band model (TBM) extension. In contrast to previous works, free model parameters are predominantly adapted to available experimental high-temperature data of the mixing enthalpy. As a major improvement, the metastable α/α' miscibility gap is accurately described in agreement with experimental data and a recent CALPHAD parametrization. The potential was also fitted to obtain an enriched solubility for chromium atoms in an iron matrix at 0 K, as it is predicted by several ab initio calculations. Furthermore, it was benchmarked against phonon excess entropies at 300 K and 1600 K demonstrating good agreement with respective results of inelastic neutron scattering.
Species
The supported atomic species.
Cr, Fe
Disclaimer
A statement of applicability provided by the contributor, informing users of the intended use of this KIM Item.
None
Content Origin NIST Interatomic Potentials Repository; https://www.ctcms.nist.gov/potentials/entry/2015--Eich-S-M-Beinke-D-Schmitz-G--Fe-Cr/2015--Eich-S-M--Fe-Cr--LAMMPS--ipr1.html
Contributor Sebastian M. Eich
Maintainer Sebastian M. Eich
Developer Sebastian M. Eich
Daniel Beinke
Guido Schmitz
Published on KIM 2021
How to Cite

This Simulator Model originally published in [1] is archived in OpenKIM [2-4].

[1] Eich SM, Beinke D, Schmitz G. Embedded-atom potential for an accurate thermodynamic description of the iron–chromium system. Comput Mater Sci [Internet]. 2015;104:185–92. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927025615002207 doi:10.1016/j.commatsci.2015.03.047 — (Primary Source) A primary source is a reference directly related to the item documenting its development, as opposed to other sources that are provided as background information.

[2] EAM/TBM potential for Fe–Cr developed by Eich et al. (2015) v000. OpenKIM; 2021. doi:10.25950/345ef364

[3] Tadmor EB, Elliott RS, Sethna JP, Miller RE, Becker CA. The potential of atomistic simulations and the Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models. JOM. 2011;63(7):17. doi:10.1007/s11837-011-0102-6

[4] Elliott RS, Tadmor EB. Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models (KIM) Application Programming Interface (API). OpenKIM; 2011. doi:10.25950/ff8f563a

Click here to download the above citation in BibTeX format.
Funding Not available
Short KIM ID
The unique KIM identifier code.
SM_731771351835_000
Extended KIM ID
The long form of the KIM ID including a human readable prefix (100 characters max), two underscores, and the Short KIM ID. Extended KIM IDs can only contain alpha-numeric characters (letters and digits) and underscores and must begin with a letter.
Sim_LAMMPS_EAM_EichBeinkeSchmitz_2015_FeCr__SM_731771351835_000
DOI 10.25950/345ef364
https://doi.org/10.25950/345ef364
https://search.datacite.org/works/10.25950/345ef364
KIM Item TypeSimulator Model
KIM API Version2.2
Simulator Name
The name of the simulator as defined in kimspec.edn.
LAMMPS
Potential Type eam
Simulator Potential hybrid/overlay

(Click here to learn more about Verification Checks)

Grade Name Category Brief Description Full Results Aux File(s)
P vc-species-supported-as-stated mandatory
The model supports all species it claims to support; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-periodicity-support mandatory
Periodic boundary conditions are handled correctly; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-permutation-symmetry mandatory
Total energy and forces are unchanged when swapping atoms of the same species; see full description.
Results Files
A vc-forces-numerical-derivative consistency
Forces computed by the model agree with numerical derivatives of the energy; see full description.
Results Files
F vc-dimer-continuity-c1 informational
The energy versus separation relation of a pair of atoms is C1 continuous (i.e. the function and its first derivative are continuous); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-objectivity informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces transform correctly under rigid-body translation and rotation; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-inversion-symmetry informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces change sign when inverting a configuration through the origin; see full description.
Results Files
F vc-memory-leak informational
The model code does not have memory leaks (i.e. it releases all allocated memory at the end); see full description.
Results Files
N/A vc-thread-safe mandatory
The model returns the same energy and forces when computed in serial and when using parallel threads for a set of configurations. Note that this is not a guarantee of thread safety; see full description.
Results Files


BCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic body-centered cubic (bcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Cr
Species: Fe


Cohesive Energy Graph

This graph shows the cohesive energy versus volume-per-atom for the current mode for four mono-atomic cubic phases (body-centered cubic (bcc), face-centered cubic (fcc), simple cubic (sc), and diamond). The curve with the lowest minimum is the ground state of the crystal if stable. (The crystal structure is enforced in these calculations, so the phase may not be stable.) Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Cr
Species: Fe


Diamond Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered diamond lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Cr
Species: Fe


FCC Elastic Constants

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) elastic constants predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Fe
Species: Cr


FCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in red) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Cr
Species: Fe


FCC Stacking Fault Energies

This bar chart plot shows the intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies as well as the unstable stacking and unstable twinning energies for face-centered cubic (fcc) predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

FCC Surface Energies

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) relaxed surface energies predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

SC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic simple cubic (sc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Cr
Species: Fe


Cubic Crystal Basic Properties Table

Species: Cr

Species: Fe





Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for monoatomic cubic lattices v003

Creators: Daniel S. Karls
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/64cb38c5

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the cohesive energy of a given monoatomic cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, or diamond) at a variety of lattice spacings. The lattice spacings range from a_min (=a_min_frac*a_0) to a_max (=a_max_frac*a_0) where a_0, a_min_frac, and a_max_frac are read from stdin (a_0 is typically approximately equal to the equilibrium lattice constant). The precise scaling and number of lattice spacings sampled between a_min and a_0 (a_0 and a_max) is specified by two additional parameters passed from stdin: N_lower and samplespacing_lower (N_upper and samplespacing_upper). Please see README.txt for further details.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc Cr v003 view 16411
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc Fe v003 view 22997
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for diamond Cr v003 view 24823
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for diamond Fe v003 view 18460
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc Cr v003 view 23220
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc Fe v003 view 17217
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for sc Cr v003 view 23966
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for sc Fe v003 view 17962


Elastic constants for cubic crystals at zero temperature and pressure v006

Creators: Junhao Li and Ellad Tadmor
Contributor: tadmor
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/5853fb8f

Computes the cubic elastic constants for some common crystal types (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) by calculating the hessian of the energy density with respect to strain. An estimate of the error associated with the numerical differentiation performed is reported.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Elastic constants for bcc Cr at zero temperature v006 view 89229
Elastic constants for bcc Fe at zero temperature v006 view 111853
Elastic constants for diamond Cr at zero temperature v001 view 237087
Elastic constants for diamond Fe at zero temperature v001 view 257442
Elastic constants for fcc Cr at zero temperature v006 view 110043
Elastic constants for fcc Fe at zero temperature v006 view 116299
Elastic constants for sc Cr at zero temperature v006 view 89932
Elastic constants for sc Fe at zero temperature v006 view 105577


Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a symmetric tilt grain boundary within a cubic crystal v002

Creators: Brandon Runnels
Contributor: brunnels
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/4723cee7

Computes grain boundary energy for a range of tilt angles given a crystal structure, tilt axis, and material.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 100 symmetric tilt grain boundary in bcc Fe v000 view 5534184
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 110 symmetric tilt grain boundary in bcc Fe v000 view 16163264
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 111 symmetric tilt grain boundary in bcc Fe v000 view 7530286
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 112 symmetric tilt grain boundary in bcc Fe v000 view 34716184
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 100 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Fe v000 view 18818148
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 110 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Fe v000 view 201784384
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 111 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Fe v000 view 125118041
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 112 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Fe v000 view 474782439


Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure v007

Creators: Daniel S. Karls and Junhao Li
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/2765e3bf

Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc Cr v007 view 162096
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc Fe v007 view 81637
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond Cr v007 view 144575
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond Fe v007 view 98177
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc Cr v007 view 174843
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc Fe v007 view 109505
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc Cr v007 view 120814
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc Fe v007 view 100113


Equilibrium lattice constants for hexagonal bulk structures at zero temperature and pressure v005

Creators: Daniel S. Karls and Junhao Li
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/c339ca32

Calculates lattice constant of hexagonal bulk structures at zero temperature and pressure by using simplex minimization to minimize the potential energy.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium lattice constants for hcp Cr v005 view 2178064
Equilibrium lattice constants for hcp Fe v005 view 2019515


Linear thermal expansion coefficient of cubic crystal structures v001

Creators: Mingjian Wen
Contributor: Mwen
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/fc69d82d

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the linear thermal expansion coefficient at a finite temperature under a given pressure for a cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) of a single given species.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Linear thermal expansion coefficient of bcc Cr at 293.15 K under a pressure of 0 MPa v001 view 12100582
Linear thermal expansion coefficient of bcc Fe at 293.15 K under a pressure of 0 MPa v001 view 19175649


High-symmetry surface energies in cubic lattices and broken bond model v004

Creators: Matt Bierbaum
Contributor: mattbierbaum
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/6c43a4e6

Calculates the surface energy of several high symmetry surfaces and produces a broken-bond model fit. In latex form, the fit equations are given by:

E_{FCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (2 ( |x+ 2y + z| + |x+2y-z| + |x-2y + z| + |x-2y-z| + |2x+y+z| + |2x+y-z| +|2x-y+z| +|2x-y-z| +|x+y+2z| +|x+y-2z| +|x-y+2z| +|x-y-2z| ) + c

E_{BCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (6 \left( | x+y+z| + |x+y-z| + |-x+y-z| + |x-y+z| \right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) +c.

In Python, these two fits take the following form:

def BrokenBondFCC(params, index):

import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*(abs(x+2*y+z) + abs(x+2*y-z) +abs(x-2*y+z) +abs(x-2*y-z) + abs(2*x+y+z) +abs(2*x+y-z) +abs(2*x-y+z) +abs(2*x-y-z) + abs(x+y+2*z) +abs(x+y-2*z) +abs(x-y+2*z) +abs(x-y-2*z))+params[3]

def BrokenBondBCC(params, x, y, z):


import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*6*(abs(x+y+z) + abs(x-y-z) + abs(x-y+z) + abs(x+y-z)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[3]
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Broken-bond fit of high-symmetry surface energies in bcc Cr v004 view 2995805
Broken-bond fit of high-symmetry surface energies in bcc Fe v004 view 532281




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