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Sim_LAMMPS_MEAM_FernandezPascuet_2014_U__SM_176800861722_000

Interatomic potential for Uranium (U).
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Title
A single sentence description.
LAMMPS MEAM potential for U developed by Fernández and Pascuet (2014) v000
Description A new interatomic potential in the framework of the modified embedded atom method (MEAM) to model U metal is presented. The potential acceptably reproduces the lattice parameters and cohesive energy of the orthorhombic αU. The relative stability of the experimentally observed phase at low temperatures with respect to several other structures (bct, bcc, simple cubic, tetragonal β Np, fcc and hcp) is also taken into account. Intrinsic point defect properties compare reasonably well with data from the literature. To determine the quality of the interaction, the potential is used to study a number of properties for the pure metal at finite temperatures and the results are compared with the available data. The obtained allotropic αU ↔ γU transformation and melting temperatures are in good agreement with experimental values. Based on the simulations, a new αU ↔ γU transformation mechanism is proposed.
Species
The supported atomic species.
U
Disclaimer
A statement of applicability provided by the contributor, informing users of the intended use of this KIM Item.
None
Content Origin NIST IPRP (https://www.ctcms.nist.gov/potentials/U.html)
Contributor karls
Maintainer karls
Creator Daniel S. Karls
Publication Year 2019
Item Citation

This Simulator Model originally published in [1] is archived in OpenKIM [2-4].

[1] Fernández JR, Pascuet MI. On the accurate description of uranium metallic phases: a MEAM interatomic potential approach. Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering [Internet]. 2014Jun;22(5):055019. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1088%2F0965-0393%2F22%2F5%2F055019 doi:10.1088/0965-0393/22/5/055019 — (Primary Source) A primary source is a reference directly related to the item documenting its development, as opposed to other sources that are provided as background information.

[2] LAMMPS MEAM potential for U developed by Fernández and Pascuet (2014) v000. OpenKIM; 2019. doi:10.25950/b45ccb53

[3] Tadmor EB, Elliott RS, Sethna JP, Miller RE, Becker CA. The potential of atomistic simulations and the Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models. JOM. 2011;63(7):17. doi:10.1007/s11837-011-0102-6

[4] Elliott RS, Tadmor EB. Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models (KIM) Application Programming Interface (API). OpenKIM; 2011. doi:10.25950/ff8f563a

Click here to download the above citation in BibTeX format.
Funding Not available
Short KIM ID
The unique KIM identifier code.
SM_176800861722_000
Extended KIM ID
The long form of the KIM ID including a human readable prefix (100 characters max), two underscores, and the Short KIM ID. Extended KIM IDs can only contain alpha-numeric characters (letters and digits) and underscores and must begin with a letter.
Sim_LAMMPS_MEAM_FernandezPascuet_2014_U__SM_176800861722_000
DOI 10.25950/b45ccb53
https://doi.org/10.25950/b45ccb53
https://search.datacite.org/works/10.25950/b45ccb53
KIM Item TypeSimulator Model
KIM API Version2.1
Simulator Name
The name of the simulator as defined in kimspec.edn.
LAMMPS
Potential Type meam
Simulator Potential meam/c

Verification Check Dashboard

(Click here to learn more about Verification Checks)

Grade Name Category Brief Description Full Results Aux File(s)
P vc-species-supported-as-stated mandatory
The model supports all species it claims to support; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-periodicity-support mandatory
Periodic boundary conditions are handled correctly; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-permutation-symmetry mandatory
Total energy and forces are unchanged when swapping atoms of the same species; see full description.
Results Files
A vc-forces-numerical-derivative consistency
Forces computed by the model agree with numerical derivatives of the energy; see full description.
Results Files
F vc-dimer-continuity-c1 informational
The energy versus separation relation of a pair of atoms is C1 continuous (i.e. the function and its first derivative are continuous); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-objectivity informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces transform correctly under rigid-body translation and rotation; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-inversion-symmetry informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces change sign when inverting a configuration through the origin; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-memory-leak informational
The model code does not have memory leaks (i.e. it releases all allocated memory at the end); see full description.
Results Files
N/A vc-thread-safe mandatory
The model returns the same energy and forces when computed in serial and when using parallel threads for a set of configurations. Note that this is not a guarantee of thread safety; see full description.
Results Files

Visualizers (in-page)


BCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic body-centered cubic (bcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: U


Cohesive Energy Graph

This graph shows the cohesive energy versus volume-per-atom for the current mode for four mono-atomic cubic phases (body-centered cubic (bcc), face-centered cubic (fcc), simple cubic (sc), and diamond). The curve with the lowest minimum is the ground state of the crystal if stable. (The crystal structure is enforced in these calculations, so the phase may not be stable.) Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: U


Diamond Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered diamond lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: U


FCC Elastic Constants

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) elastic constants predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: U


FCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in red) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: U


FCC Stacking Fault Energies

This bar chart plot shows the intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies as well as the unstable stacking and unstable twinning energies for face-centered cubic (fcc) predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

FCC Surface Energies

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) relaxed surface energies predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

SC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic simple cubic (sc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: U


Cubic Crystal Basic Properties Table

Species: U



Tests



Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for monoatomic cubic lattices v003

Creators: Daniel S. Karls
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/64cb38c5

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the cohesive energy of a given monoatomic cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, or diamond) at a variety of lattice spacings. The lattice spacings range from a_min (=a_min_frac*a_0) to a_max (=a_max_frac*a_0) where a_0, a_min_frac, and a_max_frac are read from stdin (a_0 is typically approximately equal to the equilibrium lattice constant). The precise scaling and number of lattice spacings sampled between a_min and a_0 (a_0 and a_max) is specified by two additional parameters passed from stdin: N_lower and samplespacing_lower (N_upper and samplespacing_upper). Please see README.txt for further details.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc U v003 view 2559
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for diamond U v003 view 2463
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc U v003 view 2367
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for sc U v003 view 2367


Elastic constants for cubic crystals at zero temperature and pressure v006

Creators: Junhao Li and Ellad Tadmor
Contributor: tadmor
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/5853fb8f

Computes the cubic elastic constants for some common crystal types (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) by calculating the hessian of the energy density with respect to strain. An estimate of the error associated with the numerical differentiation performed is reported.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Elastic constants for bcc U at zero temperature v006 view 2271
Elastic constants for diamond U at zero temperature v001 view 13595
Elastic constants for fcc U at zero temperature v006 view 2879
Elastic constants for sc U at zero temperature v006 view 2143


Elastic constants for hexagonal crystals at zero temperature v003

Creators: Junhao Li
Contributor: jl2922
Publication Year: 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/2e4b93d9

Computes the elastic constants for hcp crystals by calculating the hessian of the energy density with respect to strain. An estimate of the error associated with the numerical differentiation performed is reported.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Elastic constants for hcp U at zero temperature view 5262


Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure v007

Creators: Daniel S. Karls and Junhao Li
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/2765e3bf

Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc U v007 view 7357
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond U v007 view 10332
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc U v007 view 7325
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc U v007 view 7006


Equilibrium lattice constants for hexagonal bulk structures at zero temperature and pressure v004

Creators: Junhao Li
Contributor: jl2922
Publication Year: 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/25bcc28b

Calculates lattice constant of hexagonal bulk structures at zero temperature and pressure by using simplex minimization to minimize the potential energy.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium lattice constants for hcp U view 9914


Errors

LatticeConstantHexagonalEnergy__TD_942334626465_005
Test Error Categories Link to Error page
Equilibrium lattice constants for hcp U v005 other view

No Driver
Verification Check Error Categories Link to Error page
UnitConversion__VC_128739598203_000 mismatch view



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