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EAM_Dynamo_LiuLiuBorucki_1999_AlCu__MO_020851069572_000

Interatomic potential for Aluminum (Al), Copper (Cu).
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Title
A single sentence description.
EAM potential (LAMMPS cubic hermite tabulation) for the Al-Cu system developed by Liu et al. (1999) v000
Citations

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This panel provides information on past usage of this interatomic potential (IP) powered by the OpenKIM Deep Citation framework. The word cloud indicates typical applications of the potential. The bar chart shows citations per year of this IP (bars are divided into articles that used the IP (green) and those that did not (blue)). The complete list of articles that cited this IP is provided below along with the Deep Citation determination on usage. See the Deep Citation documentation for more information.

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Description
A short description of the Model describing its key features including for example: type of model (pair potential, 3-body potential, EAM, etc.), modeled species (Ac, Ag, ..., Zr), intended purpose, origin, and so on.
EAM potential for the Al-Cu system developed by Liu et al. (1999). The potential was used to study electromigration in Al-Cu interconnects.
Species
The supported atomic species.
Al, Cu
Disclaimer
A statement of applicability provided by the contributor, informing users of the intended use of this KIM Item.
None
Content Origin NIST IPRP (https://www.ctcms.nist.gov/potentials/Al.html#Al-Cu)
Content Other Locations http://enpub.fulton.asu.edu/cms/potentials/main/main.htm
Contributor Ellad B. Tadmor
Maintainer Ellad B. Tadmor
Developer Chunli Liu
Leonard Borucki
XY Liu
Published on KIM 2018
How to Cite

This Model originally published in [1] is archived in OpenKIM [2-5].

[1] Liu X-Y, Liu C-L, Borucki LJ. A new investigation of copper’s role in enhancing Al–Cu interconnect electromigration resistance from an atomistic view. Acta Materialia. 1999;47(11):3227–31. doi:10.1016/S1359-6454(99)00186-X — (Primary Source) A primary source is a reference directly related to the item documenting its development, as opposed to other sources that are provided as background information.

[2] Liu C, Borucki L, Liu XY. EAM potential (LAMMPS cubic hermite tabulation) for the Al-Cu system developed by Liu et al. (1999) v000. OpenKIM; 2018. doi:10.25950/2dd77629

[3] Foiles SM, Baskes MI, Daw MS, Plimpton SJ. EAM Model Driver for tabulated potentials with cubic Hermite spline interpolation as used in LAMMPS v005. OpenKIM; 2018. doi:10.25950/68defa36

[4] Tadmor EB, Elliott RS, Sethna JP, Miller RE, Becker CA. The potential of atomistic simulations and the Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models. JOM. 2011;63(7):17. doi:10.1007/s11837-011-0102-6

[5] Elliott RS, Tadmor EB. Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models (KIM) Application Programming Interface (API). OpenKIM; 2011. doi:10.25950/ff8f563a

Click here to download the above citation in BibTeX format.
Funding Not available
Short KIM ID
The unique KIM identifier code.
MO_020851069572_000
Extended KIM ID
The long form of the KIM ID including a human readable prefix (100 characters max), two underscores, and the Short KIM ID. Extended KIM IDs can only contain alpha-numeric characters (letters and digits) and underscores and must begin with a letter.
EAM_Dynamo_LiuLiuBorucki_1999_AlCu__MO_020851069572_000
DOI 10.25950/2dd77629
https://doi.org/10.25950/2dd77629
https://commons.datacite.org/doi.org/10.25950/2dd77629
KIM Item Type
Specifies whether this is a Portable Model (software implementation of an interatomic model); Portable Model with parameter file (parameter file to be read in by a Model Driver); Model Driver (software implementation of an interatomic model that reads in parameters).
Portable Model using Model Driver EAM_Dynamo__MD_120291908751_005
DriverEAM_Dynamo__MD_120291908751_005
KIM API Version2.0
Potential Type eam

(Click here to learn more about Verification Checks)

Grade Name Category Brief Description Full Results Aux File(s)
P vc-species-supported-as-stated mandatory
The model supports all species it claims to support; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-periodicity-support mandatory
Periodic boundary conditions are handled correctly; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-permutation-symmetry mandatory
Total energy and forces are unchanged when swapping atoms of the same species; see full description.
Results Files
B vc-forces-numerical-derivative consistency
Forces computed by the model agree with numerical derivatives of the energy; see full description.
Results Files
F vc-dimer-continuity-c1 informational
The energy versus separation relation of a pair of atoms is C1 continuous (i.e. the function and its first derivative are continuous); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-objectivity informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces transform correctly under rigid-body translation and rotation; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-inversion-symmetry informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces change sign when inverting a configuration through the origin; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-memory-leak informational
The model code does not have memory leaks (i.e. it releases all allocated memory at the end); see full description.
Results Files
P vc-thread-safe mandatory
The model returns the same energy and forces when computed in serial and when using parallel threads for a set of configurations. Note that this is not a guarantee of thread safety; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-unit-conversion mandatory
The model is able to correctly convert its energy and/or forces to different unit sets; see full description.
Results Files


BCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic body-centered cubic (bcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Al
Species: Cu


Cohesive Energy Graph

This graph shows the cohesive energy versus volume-per-atom for the current mode for four mono-atomic cubic phases (body-centered cubic (bcc), face-centered cubic (fcc), simple cubic (sc), and diamond). The curve with the lowest minimum is the ground state of the crystal if stable. (The crystal structure is enforced in these calculations, so the phase may not be stable.) Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Al
Species: Cu


Diamond Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered diamond lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Cu
Species: Al


Dislocation Core Energies

This graph shows the dislocation core energy of a cubic crystal at zero temperature and pressure for a specific set of dislocation core cutoff radii. After obtaining the total energy of the system from conjugate gradient minimizations, non-singular, isotropic and anisotropic elasticity are applied to obtain the dislocation core energy for each of these supercells with different dipole distances. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

FCC Elastic Constants

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) elastic constants predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Cu
Species: Al


FCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in red) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Cu
Species: Al


FCC Stacking Fault Energies

This bar chart plot shows the intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies as well as the unstable stacking and unstable twinning energies for face-centered cubic (fcc) predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Al
Species: Cu


FCC Surface Energies

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) relaxed surface energies predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Cu
Species: Al


SC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic simple cubic (sc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Al
Species: Cu


Cubic Crystal Basic Properties Table

Species: Al

Species: Cu





Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for monoatomic cubic lattices v003

Creators:
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/64cb38c5

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the cohesive energy of a given monoatomic cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, or diamond) at a variety of lattice spacings. The lattice spacings range from a_min (=a_min_frac*a_0) to a_max (=a_max_frac*a_0) where a_0, a_min_frac, and a_max_frac are read from stdin (a_0 is typically approximately equal to the equilibrium lattice constant). The precise scaling and number of lattice spacings sampled between a_min and a_0 (a_0 and a_max) is specified by two additional parameters passed from stdin: N_lower and samplespacing_lower (N_upper and samplespacing_upper). Please see README.txt for further details.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc Al v004 view 2974
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc Cu v004 view 3243
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for diamond Al v004 view 3004
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for diamond Cu v004 view 2596
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc Al v004 view 4361
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc Cu v004 view 4510
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for sc Al v004 view 2705
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for sc Cu v004 view 3392


Elastic constants for cubic crystals at zero temperature and pressure v006

Creators: Junhao Li and Ellad Tadmor
Contributor: tadmor
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/5853fb8f

Computes the cubic elastic constants for some common crystal types (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) by calculating the hessian of the energy density with respect to strain. An estimate of the error associated with the numerical differentiation performed is reported.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Elastic constants for bcc Al at zero temperature v006 view 1408
Elastic constants for bcc Cu at zero temperature v006 view 1855
Elastic constants for fcc Al at zero temperature v006 view 3903
Elastic constants for fcc Cu at zero temperature v006 view 1919
Elastic constants for sc Al at zero temperature v006 view 1983
Elastic constants for sc Cu at zero temperature v006 view 1919


Elastic constants for hexagonal crystals at zero temperature v004

Creators: Junhao Li
Contributor: jl2922
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/d794c746

Computes the elastic constants for hcp crystals by calculating the hessian of the energy density with respect to strain. An estimate of the error associated with the numerical differentiation performed is reported.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Elastic constants for hcp Al at zero temperature v004 view 1305
Elastic constants for hcp Cu at zero temperature v004 view 1846


Equilibrium structure and energy for a crystal structure at zero temperature and pressure v001

Creators:
Contributor: ilia
Publication Year: 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/e8a7ed84

Computes the equilibrium crystal structure and energy for an arbitrary crystal at zero temperature and applied stress by performing symmetry-constrained relaxation. The crystal structure is specified using the AFLOW prototype designation. Multiple sets of free parameters corresponding to the crystal prototype may be specified as initial guesses for structure optimization. No guarantee is made regarding the stability of computed equilibria, nor that any are the ground state.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for AlCu in AFLOW crystal prototype A4B9_cP52_215_ei_3efgi v001 view 353599
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Al in AFLOW crystal prototype A_cF4_225_a v001 view 48122
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Cu in AFLOW crystal prototype A_cF4_225_a v001 view 58749
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Al in AFLOW crystal prototype A_cI2_229_a v001 view 51166
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for Cu in AFLOW crystal prototype A_cI2_229_a v001 view 54258
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for AlCu in AFLOW crystal prototype AB3_cF16_225_a_bc v001 view 108737
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for AlCu in AFLOW crystal prototype AB3_cP4_221_a_c v001 view 82308
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for AlCu in AFLOW crystal prototype AB3_oP12_47_al_ejoz v001 view 169254
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for AlCu in AFLOW crystal prototype AB_mC20_12_a2i_c2i v001 view 88271


Equilibrium structure and energy for a crystal structure at zero temperature and pressure v002

Creators:
Contributor: ilia
Publication Year: 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/2f2c4ad3

Computes the equilibrium crystal structure and energy for an arbitrary crystal at zero temperature and applied stress by performing symmetry-constrained relaxation. The crystal structure is specified using the AFLOW prototype designation. Multiple sets of free parameters corresponding to the crystal prototype may be specified as initial guesses for structure optimization. No guarantee is made regarding the stability of computed equilibria, nor that any are the ground state.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for AlCu in AFLOW crystal prototype A2B_tI12_140_h_a v002 view 58749
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for AlCu in AFLOW crystal prototype A2B_tP3_123_e_a v002 view 50136
Equilibrium crystal structure and energy for AlCu in AFLOW crystal prototype A3B2_hP5_164_ad_d v002 view 50431


Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a symmetric tilt grain boundary within a cubic crystal v003

Creators:
Contributor: brunnels
Publication Year: 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/2c59c9d6

Computes grain boundary energy for a range of tilt angles given a crystal structure, tilt axis, and material.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 100 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Al v003 view 4231924
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 100 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Cu v001 view 5163267
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 110 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Al v001 view 33719829
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 110 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Cu v001 view 28530188
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 111 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Al v001 view 11148614
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 111 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Cu v001 view 9669730
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 112 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Al v001 view 26490206
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 112 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Cu v001 view 32321665


Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure v007

Creators: Daniel S. Karls and Junhao Li
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/2765e3bf

Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc Al v007 view 1791
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc Cu v007 view 1823
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond Al v007 view 2079
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond Cu v007 view 2655
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc Al v007 view 3839
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc Cu v007 view 3327
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc Al v007 view 1759
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc Cu v007 view 2271


Equilibrium lattice constants for hexagonal bulk structures at zero temperature and pressure v005

Creators: Daniel S. Karls and Junhao Li
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/c339ca32

Calculates lattice constant of hexagonal bulk structures at zero temperature and pressure by using simplex minimization to minimize the potential energy.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium lattice constants for hcp Al v005 view 15440
Equilibrium lattice constants for hcp Cu v005 view 23750


Linear thermal expansion coefficient of cubic crystal structures v001

Creators: Mingjian Wen
Contributor: mjwen
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/fc69d82d

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the linear thermal expansion coefficient at a finite temperature under a given pressure for a cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) of a single given species.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Linear thermal expansion coefficient of fcc Cu at 293.15 K under a pressure of 0 MPa v001 view 4360133


Linear thermal expansion coefficient of cubic crystal structures v002

Creators:
Contributor: mjwen
Publication Year: 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/9d9822ec

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the linear thermal expansion coefficient at a finite temperature under a given pressure for a cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) of a single given species.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Linear thermal expansion coefficient of fcc Al at 293.15 K under a pressure of 0 MPa v002 view 725015


Phonon dispersion relations for an fcc lattice v004

Creators: Matt Bierbaum
Contributor: mattbierbaum
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/64f4999b

Calculates the phonon dispersion relations for fcc lattices and records the results as curves.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Phonon dispersion relations for fcc Al v004 view 49679
Phonon dispersion relations for fcc Cu v004 view 50223


Stacking and twinning fault energies of an fcc lattice at zero temperature and pressure v002

Creators:
Contributor: SubrahmanyamPattamatta
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/b4cfaf9a

Intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies, unstable stacking fault energy, unstable twinning energy, stacking fault energy as a function of fractional displacement, and gamma surface for a monoatomic FCC lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Stacking and twinning fault energies for fcc Al v002 view 5147382
Stacking and twinning fault energies for fcc Cu v002 view 5777981


High-symmetry surface energies in cubic lattices and broken bond model v004

Creators: Matt Bierbaum
Contributor: mattbierbaum
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/6c43a4e6

Calculates the surface energy of several high symmetry surfaces and produces a broken-bond model fit. In latex form, the fit equations are given by:

E_{FCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (2 ( |x+ 2y + z| + |x+2y-z| + |x-2y + z| + |x-2y-z| + |2x+y+z| + |2x+y-z| +|2x-y+z| +|2x-y-z| +|x+y+2z| +|x+y-2z| +|x-y+2z| +|x-y-2z| ) + c

E_{BCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (6 \left( | x+y+z| + |x+y-z| + |-x+y-z| + |x-y+z| \right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) +c.

In Python, these two fits take the following form:

def BrokenBondFCC(params, index):

import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*(abs(x+2*y+z) + abs(x+2*y-z) +abs(x-2*y+z) +abs(x-2*y-z) + abs(2*x+y+z) +abs(2*x+y-z) +abs(2*x-y+z) +abs(2*x-y-z) + abs(x+y+2*z) +abs(x+y-2*z) +abs(x-y+2*z) +abs(x-y-2*z))+params[3]

def BrokenBondBCC(params, x, y, z):


import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*6*(abs(x+y+z) + abs(x-y-z) + abs(x-y+z) + abs(x+y-z)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[3]
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Broken-bond fit of high-symmetry surface energies in fcc Al v004 view 22168
Broken-bond fit of high-symmetry surface energies in fcc Cu v004 view 27159


Monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals v001

Creators:
Contributor: efuem
Publication Year: 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/fca89cea

Computes the monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for fcc Al view 321648
Monovacancy formation energy and relaxation volume for fcc Cu view 352348


Vacancy formation and migration energies for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals v001

Creators:
Contributor: efuem
Publication Year: 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/c27ba3cd

Computes the monovacancy formation and migration energies for cubic and hcp monoatomic crystals.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Vacancy formation and migration energy for fcc Al view 976429
Vacancy formation and migration energy for fcc Cu view 2101571





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