Current potential: SW_BalamaneHaliciogluTiller_1992_Si__MO_113686039439_005
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Title
A single sentence description.
Stillinger-Weber potential for Si developed by Balamane, Halicioglu and Tiller (1992) v005
Citations
This panel presents information regarding the papers that have cited the interatomic potential (IP) whose page you are on.
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This panel provides information on past usage of this interatomic potential (IP) powered by the OpenKIM Deep Citation framework. The word cloud indicates typical applications of the potential. The bar chart shows citations per year of this IP (bars are divided into articles that used the IP (green) and those that did not (blue)). The complete list of articles that cited this IP is provided below along with the Deep Citation determination on usage. See the Deep Citation documentation for more information.
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Description
A short description of the Model describing its key features including for example: type of model (pair potential, 3-body potential, EAM, etc.), modeled species (Ac, Ag, ..., Zr), intended purpose, origin, and so on.
This is a Stillinger-Weber (SW) parameterization for Si with a rescaled value of the epsilon parameter used in the original SW potential. The original epsilon value is 2.1682 eV. Balamane, Halicioglu and Tiller (1992) rescaled it to 2.315 eV to obtain the experimental cohesive energy E_coh = 4.63 eV. The original SW potential gives E_coh = 4.3364 eV.
Species
The supported atomic species.
Si
Disclaimer
A statement of applicability provided by the contributor, informing users of the intended use of this KIM Item.
This Model originally published in [1-4] is archived in OpenKIM [5-8].
[1] Stillinger FH, Weber TA. Computer simulation of local order in condensed phases of silicon. Physical Review B. 1985Apr;31(8):5262–71. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.31.5262
[2] Balamane H, Halicioglu T, Tiller WA. Comparative study of silicon empirical interatomic potentials. Physical Review B. 1992Jul;46(4):2250–79. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.46.2250 — (Primary Source) A primary source is a reference directly related to the item documenting its development, as opposed to other sources that are provided as background information.
[3] Balamane H, Halicioglu T, Tiller WA. Vacancy- and adatom-induced \sqrt3\times\sqrt3 reconstructions of the Si(111) surface. Physical Review B. 1989Nov;40(14):9999–10001. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.40.9999
[4] Tadmor EB, Miller RE. Modeling Materials: Continuum, Atomistic and Multiscale Techniques. Cambridge University Press; 2011.
[5] Singh AK, Balamane H, Halicioglu T, Tiller WA. Stillinger-Weber potential for Si developed by Balamane, Halicioglu and Tiller (1992) v005. OpenKIM; 2021. doi:10.25950/3dc2cb7f
[6] Wen M, Afshar Y, Stillinger FH, Weber TA. Stillinger-Weber (SW) Model Driver v005. OpenKIM; 2021. doi:10.25950/934dca3e
[7] Tadmor EB, Elliott RS, Sethna JP, Miller RE, Becker CA. The potential of atomistic simulations and the Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models. JOM. 2011;63(7):17. doi:10.1007/s11837-011-0102-6
The long form of the KIM ID including a human readable prefix (100 characters max), two underscores, and the Short KIM ID. Extended KIM IDs can only contain alpha-numeric characters (letters and digits) and underscores and must begin with a letter.
Specifies whether this is a Portable Model (software implementation of an interatomic model); Portable Model with parameter file (parameter file to be read in by a Model Driver); Model Driver (software implementation of an interatomic model that reads in parameters).
The letter grade A was assigned because the normalized error in the computation was 4.45264e-10 compared with a machine precision of 2.22045e-16. The letter grade was based on 'score=log10(error/eps)', with ranges A=[0, 7.5], B=(7.5, 10.0], C=(10.0, 12.5], D=(12.5, 15.0), F>15.0. 'A' is the best grade, and 'F' indicates failure.
vc-forces-numerical-derivative
consistency
Forces computed by the model agree with numerical derivatives of the energy; see full description.
The model is C^3 continuous. This means that the model has continuous energy and continuous derivatives at least up to order 3. (Derivatives beyond this order were not tested.)
vc-dimer-continuity-c1
informational
The energy versus separation relation of a pair of atoms is C1 continuous (i.e. the function and its first derivative are continuous); see full description.
Model energy and forces are invariant with respect to rigid-body motion (translation and rotation) for all configurations the model was able to compute.
vc-objectivity
informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces transform correctly under rigid-body translation and rotation; see full description.
All threads give identical results for tested case. Model appears to be thread-safe.
vc-thread-safe
mandatory
The model returns the same energy and forces when computed in serial and when using parallel threads for a set of configurations. Note that this is not a guarantee of thread safety; see full description.
This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic body-centered cubic (bcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.
This graph shows the cohesive energy versus volume-per-atom for the current mode for four mono-atomic cubic phases (body-centered cubic (bcc), face-centered cubic (fcc), simple cubic (sc), and diamond). The curve with the lowest minimum is the ground state of the crystal if stable. (The crystal structure is enforced in these calculations, so the phase may not be stable.) Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.
This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered diamond lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.
This graph shows the dislocation core energy of a cubic crystal at zero temperature and pressure for a specific set of dislocation core cutoff radii. After obtaining the total energy of the system from conjugate gradient minimizations, non-singular, isotropic and anisotropic elasticity are applied to obtain the dislocation core energy for each of these supercells with different dipole distances. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.
This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) elastic constants predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.
This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in red) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.
This bar chart plot shows the intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies as well as the unstable stacking and unstable twinning energies for face-centered cubic (fcc) predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.
This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) relaxed surface energies predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.
This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic simple cubic (sc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.
Given an xyz file corresponding to a finite cluster of atoms, this Test Driver computes the total potential energy and atomic forces on the configuration. The positions are then relaxed using conjugate gradient minimization and the final positions and forces are recorded. These results are primarily of interest for training machine-learning algorithms.
Test
Test Results
Link to Test Results page
Benchmark time
Usertime multiplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.
Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)