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Sim_LAMMPS_ReaxFF_AryanpourVanDuinKubicki_2010_FeHO__SM_222964216001_001

Interatomic potential for Hydrogen (H), Iron (Fe), Oxygen (O).
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Title
A single sentence description.
LAMMPS ReaxFF potential for Fe-H-O systems developed by Aryanpour, van Duin, and Kubicki (2010) v001
Description LAMMPS ReaxFF potential for Fe-H-O systems ('pair_style reax/c' with potential file ffield.reax.Fe_O_C_H and additional control and charge equilibration information). The initial force field parameters for the Fe-Fe parameters were taken from an earlier force field development project on bulk-iron metal, based on DFT-calculations on antiferromagnetic BCC and FCC. The DFT data can be found in Ref 31 of the above-mentioned manuscript. The O/H parameters were taken from the ReaxFF bulk water description. The Fe/Fe and O/H parameters were kept fixed to these initial values, whereas the Fe/O parameters were reoptimized against the quantum mechanical results presented in the above-mentioned manuscript.
Species
The supported atomic species.
Fe, H, O
Disclaimer
A statement of applicability provided by the contributor, informing users of the intended use of this KIM Item.
None
Content Origin LAMMPS package 29-Feb-2019
Contributor tadmor
Maintainer tadmor
Creator
Publication Year 2020
Item Citation

This Simulator Model originally published in [1] is archived in OpenKIM [2-4].

[1] Aryanpour M, Duin ACT van, Kubicki JD. Development of a Reactive Force Field for Iron–Oxyhydroxide Systems. Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2010;114(21):6298–307. doi:10.1021/jp101332k

[2] LAMMPS ReaxFF potential for Fe-H-O systems developed by Aryanpour, van Duin, and Kubicki (2010) v001. OpenKIM; 2020. doi:10.25950/9d8caa79

[3] Tadmor EB, Elliott RS, Sethna JP, Miller RE, Becker CA. The potential of atomistic simulations and the Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models. JOM. 2011;63(7):17. doi:10.1007/s11837-011-0102-6

[4] Elliott RS, Tadmor EB. Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models (KIM) Application Programming Interface (API). OpenKIM; 2011. doi:10.25950/ff8f563a

Click here to download the above citation in BibTeX format.
Funding Not available
Short KIM ID
The unique KIM identifier code.
SM_222964216001_001
Extended KIM ID
The long form of the KIM ID including a human readable prefix (100 characters max), two underscores, and the Short KIM ID. Extended KIM IDs can only contain alpha-numeric characters (letters and digits) and underscores and must begin with a letter.
Sim_LAMMPS_ReaxFF_AryanpourVanDuinKubicki_2010_FeHO__SM_222964216001_001
DOI 10.25950/9d8caa79
https://doi.org/10.25950/9d8caa79
https://search.datacite.org/works/10.25950/9d8caa79
KIM Item TypeSimulator Model
KIM API Version2.1
Simulator Name
The name of the simulator as defined in kimspec.edn.
LAMMPS
Potential Type reax
Simulator Potential reax/c
Previous Version Sim_LAMMPS_ReaxFF_AryanpourVanDuinKubicki_2010_FeHO__SM_222964216001_000

Verification Check Dashboard

(Click here to learn more about Verification Checks)

Grade Name Category Brief Description Full Results Aux File(s)
P vc-species-supported-as-stated mandatory
The model supports all species it claims to support; see full description.
Results Files
F vc-periodicity-support mandatory
Periodic boundary conditions are handled correctly; see full description.
Results Files
F vc-permutation-symmetry mandatory
Total energy and forces are unchanged when swapping atoms of the same species; see full description.
Results Files
D vc-forces-numerical-derivative consistency
Forces computed by the model agree with numerical derivatives of the energy; see full description.
Results Files
F vc-dimer-continuity-c1 informational
The energy versus separation relation of a pair of atoms is C1 continuous (i.e. the function and its first derivative are continuous); see full description.
Results Files
F vc-objectivity informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces transform correctly under rigid-body translation and rotation; see full description.
Results Files
F vc-inversion-symmetry informational
Total energy is unchanged and forces change sign when inverting a configuration through the origin; see full description.
Results Files
P vc-memory-leak informational
The model code does not have memory leaks (i.e. it releases all allocated memory at the end); see full description.
Results Files
N/A vc-thread-safe mandatory
The model returns the same energy and forces when computed in serial and when using parallel threads for a set of configurations. Note that this is not a guarantee of thread safety; see full description.
Results Files

Visualizers (in-page)


BCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic body-centered cubic (bcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: O
Species: H
Species: Fe


Cohesive Energy Graph

This graph shows the cohesive energy versus volume-per-atom for the current mode for four mono-atomic cubic phases (body-centered cubic (bcc), face-centered cubic (fcc), simple cubic (sc), and diamond). The curve with the lowest minimum is the ground state of the crystal if stable. (The crystal structure is enforced in these calculations, so the phase may not be stable.) Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Fe
Species: O


Diamond Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered diamond lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: Fe
Species: O
Species: H


FCC Elastic Constants

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) elastic constants predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: H
Species: O
Species: Fe


FCC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in red) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: O
Species: H
Species: Fe


FCC Stacking Fault Energies

This bar chart plot shows the intrinsic and extrinsic stacking fault energies as well as the unstable stacking and unstable twinning energies for face-centered cubic (fcc) predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

FCC Surface Energies

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic face-centered cubic (fcc) relaxed surface energies predicted by the current model (shown in blue) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

(No matching species)

SC Lattice Constant

This bar chart plot shows the mono-atomic simple cubic (sc) lattice constant predicted by the current model (shown in the unique color) compared with the predictions for all other models in the OpenKIM Repository that support the species. The vertical bars show the average and standard deviation (one sigma) bounds for all model predictions. Graphs are generated for each species supported by the model.

Species: O
Species: H


Cubic Crystal Basic Properties Table

Species: Fe

Species: H

Species: O



Tests



Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for monoatomic cubic lattices v003

Creators:
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/64cb38c5

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the cohesive energy of a given monoatomic cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, or diamond) at a variety of lattice spacings. The lattice spacings range from a_min (=a_min_frac*a_0) to a_max (=a_max_frac*a_0) where a_0, a_min_frac, and a_max_frac are read from stdin (a_0 is typically approximately equal to the equilibrium lattice constant). The precise scaling and number of lattice spacings sampled between a_min and a_0 (a_0 and a_max) is specified by two additional parameters passed from stdin: N_lower and samplespacing_lower (N_upper and samplespacing_upper). Please see README.txt for further details.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc Fe v003 view 7416
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for bcc O v003 view 1822
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for diamond O v003 view 11412
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc Fe v003 view 7320
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for fcc O v003 view 18956
Cohesive energy versus lattice constant curve for sc O v003 view 1822


Elastic constants for cubic crystals at zero temperature and pressure v006

Creators:
Contributor: tadmor
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/5853fb8f

Computes the cubic elastic constants for some common crystal types (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) by calculating the hessian of the energy density with respect to strain. An estimate of the error associated with the numerical differentiation performed is reported.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Elastic constants for bcc Fe at zero temperature v006 view 26309
Elastic constants for bcc H at zero temperature v006 view 17102
Elastic constants for bcc O at zero temperature v006 view 5211
Elastic constants for diamond Fe at zero temperature v001 view 145770
Elastic constants for diamond H at zero temperature v001 view 340097
Elastic constants for diamond O at zero temperature v001 view 717244
Elastic constants for fcc Fe at zero temperature v006 view 35387
Elastic constants for fcc H at zero temperature v006 view 79949
Elastic constants for fcc O at zero temperature v006 view 65916
Elastic constants for sc H at zero temperature v006 view 15632
Elastic constants for sc O at zero temperature v006 view 3676


Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a symmetric tilt grain boundary within a cubic crystal v002

Creators:
Contributor: brunnels
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/4723cee7

Computes grain boundary energy for a range of tilt angles given a crystal structure, tilt axis, and material.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 100 symmetric tilt grain boundary in bcc Fe v000 view 102476612
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 110 symmetric tilt grain boundary in bcc Fe v000 view 225122898
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 111 symmetric tilt grain boundary in bcc Fe v000 view 136556247
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 112 symmetric tilt grain boundary in bcc Fe v000 view 433857563
Relaxed energy as a function of tilt angle for a 100 symmetric tilt grain boundary in fcc Fe v000 view 964940358


Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure v007

Creators:
Contributor: karls
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/2765e3bf

Equilibrium lattice constant and cohesive energy of a cubic lattice at zero temperature and pressure.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc Fe v007 view 9814
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc H v007 view 7512
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for bcc O v007 view 3932
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond Fe v007 view 54216
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond H v007 view 26724
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for diamond O v007 view 29186
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc Fe v007 view 15920
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc H v007 view 26021
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for fcc O v007 view 24583
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc H v007 view 6074
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc O v007 view 2909


Linear thermal expansion coefficient of cubic crystal structures v001

Creators:
Contributor: Mwen
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/fc69d82d

This Test Driver uses LAMMPS to compute the linear thermal expansion coefficient at a finite temperature under a given pressure for a cubic lattice (fcc, bcc, sc, diamond) of a single given species.
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Linear thermal expansion coefficient of bcc Fe at 293.15 K under a pressure of 0 MPa v001 view 196730512


High-symmetry surface energies in cubic lattices and broken bond model v004

Creators:
Contributor: mattbierbaum
Publication Year: 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25950/6c43a4e6

Calculates the surface energy of several high symmetry surfaces and produces a broken-bond model fit. In latex form, the fit equations are given by:

E_{FCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (2 ( |x+ 2y + z| + |x+2y-z| + |x-2y + z| + |x-2y-z| + |2x+y+z| + |2x+y-z| +|2x-y+z| +|2x-y-z| +|x+y+2z| +|x+y-2z| +|x-y+2z| +|x-y-2z| ) + c

E_{BCC} (\vec{n}) = p_1 (6 \left( | x+y+z| + |x+y-z| + |-x+y-z| + |x-y+z| \right)) + p_2 (8 \left( |x| + |y| + |z|\right)) + p_3 (4 \left( |x+y| + |x-y| + |x+z| + |x-z| + |z+y| +|z-y|\right)) +c.

In Python, these two fits take the following form:

def BrokenBondFCC(params, index):

import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*(abs(x+2*y+z) + abs(x+2*y-z) +abs(x-2*y+z) +abs(x-2*y-z) + abs(2*x+y+z) +abs(2*x+y-z) +abs(2*x-y+z) +abs(2*x-y-z) + abs(x+y+2*z) +abs(x+y-2*z) +abs(x-y+2*z) +abs(x-y-2*z))+params[3]

def BrokenBondBCC(params, x, y, z):


import numpy
x, y, z = index
x = x / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
y = y / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)
z = z / numpy.sqrt(x**2.+y**2.+z**2.)

return params[0]*6*(abs(x+y+z) + abs(x-y-z) + abs(x-y+z) + abs(x+y-z)) + params[1]*8*(abs(x) + abs(y) + abs(z)) + params[2]*4* (abs(x+y) + abs(x-y) + abs(x+z) + abs(x-z) + abs(z+y) + abs(z-y)) + params[3]
Test Test Results Link to Test Results page Benchmark time
Usertime muliplied by the Whetstone Benchmark. This number can be used (approximately) to compare the performance of different models independently of the architecture on which the test was run.

Measured in Millions of Whetstone Instructions (MWI)
Broken-bond fit of high-symmetry surface energies in bcc Fe v004 view 572273


Errors

ElasticConstantsFirstStrainGradient__TD_361847723785_000

GrainBoundaryCubicCrystalSymmetricTiltRelaxedEnergyVsAngle__TD_410381120771_002

LatticeConstantCubicEnergy__TD_475411767977_007
Test Error Categories Link to Error page
Equilibrium zero-temperature lattice constant for sc Fe v007 other view

LatticeConstantHexagonalEnergy__TD_942334626465_005

VacancyFormationEnergyRelaxationVolume__TD_647413317626_000

VacancyFormationMigration__TD_554849987965_000

No Driver
Verification Check Error Categories Link to Error page
UnitConversion__VC_128739598203_000 mismatch view



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